Thomas Sinkjær

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A hydraulically actuated platform with 4-degrees of freedom (4-DOF) was designed to be able to apply velocity- or acceleration-controlled floor surface perturbations to freely walking human subjects. The apparatus was required to provide velocity-controlled translational perturbations over the floor surface, rotational perturbations about the ankle joint,(More)
In the recent past, many efforts have been carried out in order to evaluate the feasibility of implementing closed-loop controlled neuroprostheses based on the processing of sensory electroneurographic (ENG) signals. The success of these techniques mostly relies on the development of processing algorithms capable of extracting the necessary kinematic(More)
This paper is part of a project whose aim is the implementation of closed-loop control of ankle angular position during functional electrical stimulation (FES) assisted standing in paraplegic subjects using natural sensory information. In this paper, a neural fuzzy (NF) model is implemented to extract angular position information from the(More)
We wished to quantify the dynamic muscle fatigue by electromyographic (EMG) and kinematic parameters during uphill walking (5 km/h, 25%). The muscle coordination between biceps femoris, semitendinosus, vastus lateralis, gastrocnemius medialis, soleus, and tibialis anterior was evaluated by measuring (a) the period from onset of the EMG burst to heel(More)
A mobile ankle and knee perturbator has been developed. It consists of a functional joint with an integrated clutch. Four Bowden wires connect the joint to a powerful motor and a double pneumatic cylinder. When needed during any time of the gait cycle, it is possible to impose an ankle rotation by engaging the clutch and rotating the ankle or knee joint(More)
Short-latency spinally mediated interlimb reflex pathways were recently reported between the left and right soleus muscles in the human lower-limb during sitting. The aim of the current study was to establish if these pathways were observed during a functional motor task such as human gait and modulated by the gait cycle phase and/or electrical stimulation(More)
We present findings on the way in which to use electromyographic (EMG) measurements from muscles acting on the knee in planning rehabilitation of subjects after rupture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). ACL subjects demonstrated an earlier recruitment and a tendency to prolonged activity in muscles around the deficient knee as compared with a control(More)
A strong coordination between the two legs is important for maintaining a symmetric gait pattern and adapting to changes in the external environment. In humans as well as animals, receptors arising from the quadriceps muscle group influence the activation of ipsilateral muscles. Moreover, strong contralateral spinal connections arising from quadriceps and(More)
OBJECTIVE Investigate if patients with supraspinal lesions have impaired interlimb spinal reflex pathways. The short-latency crossed spinal response will be investigated during sitting from the non-paretic to paretic and paretic to non-paretic extremities at different stimulation intensities in chronic and sub-acute stroke patients. METHODS The(More)
We investigated surface electromyographic (EMG) patterns and knee joint kinematics when the speed of walking was increased from 3.5 to 5.0 km/h on horizontal and inclined (25%) treadmill. The EMG signals from six lower limb muscles (sartorius, gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, vastus lateralis, gastrocnemius lateralis, and tibialis anterior) were recorded(More)