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BACKGROUND Optimal management of patients who are clinically suspected of having ventilator-associated pneumonia remains open to debate. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect on clinical outcome and antibiotic use of two strategies to diagnose ventilator-associated pneumonia and select initial treatment for this condition. DESIGN Multicenter, randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a partial ventilatory support mode where positive pressure is provided in relation to diaphragmatic electrical activity (EAdi). Central inspiratory activity is normally not monotonous, but it demonstrates short-term variability and complexity. The authors reasoned that NAVA should produce a more(More)
Phrenic nerve injury and diaphragmatic dysfunction can be induced by cardiac operation. The clinical consequences are not well-established. We evaluated 13 consecutive patients over a 2-year period with unexplained and prolonged difficulties in weaning from mechanical ventilation. The mean time of measurement from the operation day was 31 +/- 19 days (range(More)
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a ventilatory mode that tailors the level of assistance delivered by the ventilator to the electromyographic activity of the diaphragm. The objective of this study was to compare NAVA and pressure support ventilation (PSV) in the early phase of weaning from mechanical ventilation. A multicentre randomized(More)
Phrenic nerve stimulation (PNS) can assess airflow dynamics of the upper airway (UA) during wakefulness in man. Using PNS, we aimed to assess the impact of neck flexion and mouth opening in promoting UA unstability. Measurements were made during nasal breathing in seven healthy subjects (ages = 23-39 yr; one woman). Surface diaphragm electromyogram,(More)
This report describes a case of life-threatening acute respiratory distress syndrome with multiple organ failure complicating probable scrub typhus. Favorable outcome was associated with fluoroquinolone therapy. Scrub typhus should be suspected in travelers returning from Southeast Asia presenting with unexplained respiratory manifestations.
Nutritional status is both important and difficult to assess in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), particularly in those requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). The current authors evaluated body composition (bio-impedancemetry), resting energy expenditure (REE; indirect calorimetry) and energy intake in 20 adult patients with DMD using home MV(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the thorax with three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction and functional quantification was evaluated as a tool for structure-function evaluation of chest-wall mechanics. Good agreement was found between the corresponding spirometric and MR imaging values of lung volumes. Fast MR imaging of the thorax with 3D reconstruction(More)
BACKGROUND Age is an important prognostic factor in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs), but it is not as important as illness severity. However, age seems to remain an important independent triage criterion for ICU admission, and 90 years of age seems to represent a psychological barrier for many ICU physicians. The aim of this preliminary(More)
BACKGROUND Although traditionally associated with polycythemia, COPD has a systemic inflammatory component that could interfere with erythropoiesis. This study describes the distribution and prognostic value of the hematocrit in patients with severe COPD receiving long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT). METHODS A total of 2,524 patients with COPD, FEV1/vital(More)