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L-770,644 (9c) is a potent and selective agonist of the human beta3 adrenergic receptor (EC50 = 13 nM). It shows good oral bioavailability in both dogs and rats (%F = 27), and is a full agonist for glycerolemia in the rhesus monkey (ED50 = 0.21 mg/kg). Based on its desirable in vitro and in vivo properties, L-770,644 was chosen for further preclinical(More)
Nodulisporic acid A (1) is a structurally complex fungal metabolite that exhibits systemic efficacy against fleas via modulation of an invertebrate specific glutamate-gated ion channel. In order to identify a nodulisporamide suitable for monthly oral dosing in dogs, a library of 335 nodulisporamides was examined in an artificial flea feeding system for(More)
A number of 3-substituted 1D-myo-inositols were synthesized and evaluated as substrates for phosphatidylinositol synthase and uptake by intact cells. 1D-3-Amino-, -3-chloro-, and -3-(acetylthio)-3-deoxy-myo-inositols were all synthesized by nucleophilic displacement of the 6-O-(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl group of(More)
A new class of insecticidal and antiparasitic agents, 4″-amino-4′-deoxy avermectins, has been developed by chemical modification of avermectin B1. The most effective of these compounds are 1500-fold more potent than avermectin B1 (abamectin) against the beet armywormSpodoptera exigua and show similar potency against other lepidopteran larvae.
The effects of two beta(3)-adrenergic receptor agonists, (R)-4-[4-(3-cyclopentylpropyl)-4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1H-tetrazol-1-yl]-N-[4-[2-[[2-hydroxy-2-(3-pyridinyl)ethyl]amino]ethyl]phenyl]benzenesulfonamide and (R)-N-[4-[2-[[2-hydroxy-2-(3-pyridinyl)- ethyl]amino]ethyl]phenyl]-1-(4-octylthiazol-2-yl)-5-indolinesulfonamide, on indices of metabolic and(More)
A generic isocratic HPLC-APCI-MS-MS method has been developed for the determination of plasma concentrations of bioactive compounds for the selection of potential new drug discovery candidates. A 4.6 x 50 mm cyano phase column eluted with an acetonitrile/water mobile phase containing 20 mM ammonium acetate and 0.4% TFA produces retention times of 1 min or(More)
Medicinal chemistry efforts were initiated to identify the key constituents of the nodulisporic acid A (1) pharmacophore that are integral to its potent insecticidal activity. New semisynthetic derivatives delineated 1 into 'permissive' and 'nonpermissive' regions and led to the discovery of new nodulisporamides with significantly improved flea efficacy.
Efficient routes to access the 2", 3", 4", and 6" registers of the nodulisporic acid (NsA) side chain are disclosed. A mild one-carbon, Ph(2)CdoublebondNCH(2)CtriplebondN mediated homologation of NsA's 3"-aldehyde permitted access to the 4"-register. Curtius reaction of NsA's 3"-acid yielded the corresponding 2"-aldehyde 4 from which the unnatural(More)
A series of new, diene-modified nodulisporic acid analogues (2) bearing diverse functionality at the 3"- and 4"-sites was efficiently prepared from the 3"-aldehyde 3. Biological evaluation of these synthetic nodulisporic acid analogues for systemic flea efficacy identified potent compounds and further clarified the structural requirements for ectoparasite(More)