Thomas Schimmang

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Vertebrate Hoxd genes are sequentially activated during the morphogenesis and pattern formation of the limb. Using the approach of gene disruption via homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells, we have assessed the function of the last gene of the complex, Hoxd-13. Mutant mice displayed skeletal alterations along all body axes suggesting the(More)
In order to study the structural and functional organization of the eukaryotic nucleolus, we have started to isolate and characterize nucleolar components of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have identified a major 38 kd nucleolar protein (NOP1), which is located within nucleolar structures resembling the dense fibrillar region of mammalian nucleoli.(More)
Genetic analysis and homology between the phenotypic alterations of the human Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly Syndrome (GCPS) and the mouse mutant extra-toes (Xt) have suggested a dominant mutation in the same gene of both species. Recently, the GLI3 gene, a member of the Krüppel-related zinc finger genes, has been proposed as a candidate gene for GCPS. We(More)
Classical studies have postulated the action of an endomesodermal signal initiating inner ear induction, subsequently followed by a neural tube-derived signal to complete the process of otic placode formation in the surface ectoderm. Members of the Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) gene family have been implicated in these processes. In this review, expression(More)
The trkB and trkC genes are expressed during the formation of the vestibular and auditory system. To elucidate the function of trkB and trkC during this process, we have analysed mice carrying a germline mutation in the tyrosine kinase catalytic domain of these genes. Neuroanatomical analysis of homozygous mutant mice revealed neuronal deficiencies in the(More)
Members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) gene family control formation of the body plan and organogenesis in vertebrates. FGF3 is expressed in the developing hindbrain and has been shown to be involved in inner ear development of different vertebrate species, including zebrafish, Xenopus, chick and mouse. In the mouse, insertion of a neomycin(More)
Loss-of-function experiments in avians and mammals have provided conflicting results on the capacity of fibroblast growth factor 3 (FGF3) to act as a secreted growth factor responsible for induction and morphogenesis of the vertebrate inner ear. Using a novel technique for gene transfer into chicken embryos, we have readdressed the role of FGF3 during inner(More)
Members of the neurotrophin gene family and their high-affinity Trk receptors control innervation of the cochlea during embryonic development. Lack of neurotrophin signalling in the cochlea has been well documented for early postnatal animals, resulting in a loss of cochlear sensory neurones and a region-specific reduction of target innervation along the(More)
Epithelial stem cells reside in specific niches that regulate their self-renewal and differentiation, and are responsible for the continuous regeneration of tissues such as hair, skin, and gut. Although the regenerative potential of mammalian teeth is limited, mouse incisors grow continuously throughout life and contain stem cells at their proximal ends in(More)
We have developed a fast and reliable purification protocol to obtain yeast nuclei in intact and pure form and in a reasonable yield. The purified nuclei appear homogeneous at the light and electron microscopic level, are highly enriched in the nuclear marker histone H2B and devoid of mitochondrial, vacuolar and cytosolic marker proteins. On sodium dodecyl(More)