Learn More
A novel ATP-dependent export pump for amphiphilic anionic conjugates, which has been cloned recently from liver, was identified in rat kidney and localized to the apical membrane domain of proximal tubule epithelia. This 190-kD membrane glycoprotein (Mrp2) has been described previously as the hepatocyte canalicular isoform of the multidrug resistance(More)
Human kidney proximal tubule epithelia express the ATP-dependent export pump for anionic conjugates encoded by the MRP2 (cMRP/cMOAT) gene (symbol ABCC2). MRP2, the apical isoform of the multidrug resistance protein, is an integral membrane glycoprotein with a molecular mass of approximately 190 kD that was originally cloned from liver and localized to the(More)
The liver is the major organ which eliminates leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and other cysteinyl leukotrienes from the blood circulation into bile. Transport of LTC4 was studied using inside-out vesicles enriched in canalicular and sinusoidal membranes from rat liver. The incubation of canalicular membrane vesicles with [3H]LTC4 in the presence of ATP resulted in an(More)
Peritonitis remains an important cause of morbidity and technique failure in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Conventional peritoneal dialysate fluids (PDF) inhibit peritoneal leukocyte function in vitro and may thus adversely affect the immune response to peritonitis. New PDF have been designed with neutral pH, low glucose degradation product (GDP) contents, and(More)
Acid-base balance and peritoneal membrane longevity are of utmost relevance for pediatric patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). PD fluids with neutral pH and reduced glucose degradation product contents are considered more biocompatible, because they preserve peritoneal cell functions in vitro. To investigate the clinical effects of a novel PD fluid(More)
Conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF) are unphysiologic because of their hypertonicity, high glucose and lactate concentrations, acidic pH, and presence of glucose degradation products (GDP). Long-term exposure to conventional PDF may cause functional and structural alterations of the peritoneal membrane. New PDF have a neutral pH, a low GDP(More)
Conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs) lead to formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGE) in the peritoneal membrane. In this study, we investigated in vitro the dependence of AGE formation on regular changes of PDFs, as performed during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and on the contribution of high glucose concentration(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are formed during the nonenzymatic reaction of sugars with proteins. Conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs) lead to the formation of AGEs in the peritoneal membrane that are associated with histopathologic changes and loss of ultrafiltration. PDFs may cause AGE formation because of a high glucose concentration(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro experiments point to a better biocompatibility profile of new pH-neutral peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs) containing low levels of glucose degradation products (GDPs). The present study examines the impact on human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) of equilibrated dialysates obtained during dialysis with either conventional or new(More)