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Conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF) are unphysiologic because of their hypertonicity, high glucose and lactate concentrations, acidic pH, and presence of glucose degradation products (GDP). Long-term exposure to conventional PDF may cause functional and structural alterations of the peritoneal membrane. New PDF have a neutral pH, a low GDP(More)
Power consumption is a prevalent issue in current and future computing systems. SIMD processors amortize the power consumption of managing the instruction stream by executing the same instruction in parallel on multiple data. Therefore, in the past years, the SIMD width has steadily increased, and it is not unlikely that it will continue to do so. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to evaluate the biocompatibility profile of a newly designed peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF), we evaluated peritoneal leukocyte (PMphi) cytokine release following overnight in vivo dwells using standard, lactate-buffered, single-chamber bag PDF (Lac-PDF) and purely bicarbonate-buffered, double-chamber bag PDF containing 34 (Bic-PDF) or 39(More)
The carboxylation of olefins beyond ethylene towards α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acid salts and a detailed investigation on the critical steps in the catalysis are reported. The influence of two chelating phosphine ligands and several olefins on the elemental steps of the catalysis is shown. The work focusses on the formation of intermediate olefin(More)
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