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The first step in injury prevention is to understand the injury problem. This includes examining the nature of the problem from the perspective of the target community. This article uses qualitative methods to explain the nature of the injury problem and identifies prevention strategies through a three-step process: identify a causal model, validate the(More)
Sixty normal male Caucasians were selected to study the length of the Y chromosome. QFQ banding was performed. Chromosomes 19 and 20 (F) and Y were measured directly from the film. Y/F, f/F, and nf/F indices (f = fluorescent; nf = non-fluorescent segment) were determined. The length of the Y chromosome was classified into 5 groups; very small, small,(More)
OBJECTIVES We draw on cognitive discrepancy theory to hypothesize and test a pathway from poor health to loneliness in later life. We hypothesize that poor health will have a negative influence on social participation and social resources, and these factors will mediate between health and loneliness. We hypothesize that rural environments will amplify any(More)
As a concept, social exclusion has considerable potential to explain and respond to disadvantage in later life. However, in the context of ageing populations, the construct remains ambiguous. A disjointed evidence-base, spread across disparate disciplines, compounds the challenge of developing a coherent understanding of exclusion in older age. This article(More)
Preincubation of human platelets with two pairs of immunologically identical monoclonal antibodies (mab) directed against epitopes on the membrane glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex - two of them (Gi3 and Gi5) precipitating glycoproteins IIb-IIIa, and two (Gi4 and Gi6) recognizing glycoprotein IIIa - induced slightly different inhibitory effects on platelet(More)
The authors postulated that older adult fallers show a greater tendency than older adult nonfallers to rely more on visual information sources in maintaining upright posture than on kinesthetic and vestibular cues. This paper presents descriptive statistics on 199 older adults living independently in the community. Their visual perception of the vertical(More)
Addressing the causes and consequences of social exclusion represents a key theme in European social policy, reflecting growing awareness of the social costs which arise when individuals, families and communities become cut off from wider society. Conceptually, however, social exclusion remains underexplored in gerontology. The article suggests that(More)
Urban and rural themes have played an important part in European gerontological research. This paper analyses current issues in the field of urban and rural studies as applied to understanding old age. Both dimensions are being affected by population movements of different kinds, driven to a significant degree by globalisation in its various forms. The(More)
Past studies in the UK and the Netherlands indicate that loneliness varies significantly according to characteristics of older people's residential environment. This raises questions regarding potential neighbourhood influences on individuals' social relationships in later life. This article examines neighbourhood influences on loneliness, using multiple(More)