Thomas Scharf

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There is increasing interest in distinguishing the effects of physical and psychosocial workplace stressors on the aetiology of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). Modest associations have been found between psychosocial stressors and MSD, such as intensive load, monotonous work and low job control. Interpretation of these results has been limited(More)
The first step in injury prevention is to understand the injury problem. This includes examining the nature of the problem from the perspective of the target community. This article uses qualitative methods to explain the nature of the injury problem and identifies prevention strategies through a three-step process: identify a causal model, validate the(More)
Sixty normal male Caucasians were selected to study the length of the Y chromosome. QFQ banding was performed. Chromosomes 19 and 20 (F) and Y were measured directly from the film. Y/F, f/F, and nf/F indices (f = fluorescent; nf = non-fluorescent segment) were determined. The length of the Y chromosome was classified into 5 groups; very small, small,(More)
Past studies in the UK and the Netherlands indicate that loneliness varies significantly according to characteristics of older people's residential environment. This raises questions regarding potential neighbourhood influences on individuals' social relationships in later life. This article examines neighbourhood influences on loneliness, using multiple(More)
OBJECTIVES We draw on cognitive discrepancy theory to hypothesize and test a pathway from poor health to loneliness in later life. We hypothesize that poor health will have a negative influence on social participation and social resources, and these factors will mediate between health and loneliness. We hypothesize that rural environments will amplify any(More)
This article explores conceptual and empirical aspects of the social exclusion/ inclusion debate in later life, with a particular focus on issues of place and space in urban settings. Exploratory findings are reported from two empirical studies in Belgium and England, which sought to examine experiences of social exclusion and inclusion among people aged (More)
As a concept, social exclusion has considerable potential to explain and respond to disadvantage in later life. However, in the context of ageing populations, the construct remains ambiguous. A disjointed evidence-base, spread across disparate disciplines, compounds the challenge of developing a coherent understanding of exclusion in older age. This article(More)
Preincubation of human platelets with two pairs of immunologically identical monoclonal antibodies (mab) directed against epitopes on the membrane glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex - two of them (Gi3 and Gi5) precipitating glycoproteins IIb-IIIa, and two (Gi4 and Gi6) recognizing glycoprotein IIIa - induced slightly different inhibitory effects on platelet(More)
Addressing the causes and consequences of social exclusion represents a key theme in European social policy, reflecting growing awareness of the social costs which arise when individuals, families and communities become cut off from wider society. Conceptually, however, social exclusion remains underexplored in gerontology. The article suggests that(More)