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BACKGROUND Local occlusion of coronary arteries during beating heart revascularization leads to injury of the arterial wall especially disturbing the integrity of the endothelium. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of intracoronary shunts versus local occlusion with elastic silicone loops on the beating heart in human coronary arteries by(More)
OBJECTIVES To prove whether intramyocardial transplantation of combined skeletal myoblasts (SM) and mononuclear bone marrow stem cells is superior to the isolated transplantation of these cell types after myocardial infarction in rats. METHODS In 67 male Fischer rats myocardial infarction was induced by direct ligature of the LAD. Seven days(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to evaluate planimetry of the aortic valve area with 64-slice CT in comparison with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in patients with aortic stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-six patients with aortic valve disease referred for coronary 64-slice CT angiography were(More)
Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has become a feasible option using robotic technology and remote access perfusion techniques. The aim of this study was to determine the progression of the procedure's performance in the currently largest single-center series of arrested-heart totally endoscopic CABG. From 2001 to 2007,(More)
OBJECTIVES Hybrid coronary revascularization procedures apply minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease. For logistic reasons simultaneous procedures would be desirable. In a pilot study the feasibility of simultaneous robotic totally endoscopic(More)
AIMS Despite the lower patency of venous compared with arterial coronary artery bypass grafts, approximately 50% of grafts used are saphenous vein conduits because of their easier accessibility. In a search for ways to increase venous graft patency, we applied the results of a previous pharmacological study screening for non-toxic compounds that inhibit(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice CT with that of invasive angiography in the detection of greater than 50% graft stenosis within 2 weeks of coronary artery bypass grafting and to investigate the clinical value of 64-slice CT. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Forty-one patients (70 grafts, 46 arterial and 24(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of new procedures in heart surgery is a critical phase that includes learning curves and the risk of increased mortality or morbidity. Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting using robotic techniques represents such an innovative procedure. The aim of this report is to demonstrate the safe introduction of totally(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiopulmonary bypass via the axillary artery is frequently used especially in aortic dissections. With an increased use of this technique problems were recognized too. We describe the technical problems and complications associated with axillary artery cannulation. METHODS Sixty-five patients underwent cannulation of the axillary artery. The(More)
BACKGROUND After the introduction of robotic technology into the heart surgery armamentarium the performance of totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB) has become a reality. During the first years of development, the majority of TECAB cases were restricted to single-vessel disease, and the development of multivessel procedures is(More)