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BACKGROUND The role of C-reactive protein (CRP) in heart failure is not well studied. We assessed the prognostic value of CRP in patients randomized in Val-HeFT (Valsartan Heart Failure Trial) and studied changes in CRP that were associated with valsartan. METHODS AND RESULTS Characteristics of patients with baseline CRP levels above and below the median(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetic patients found to have substantial coronary artery disease at the time of assessment for renal transplantation have 2-year survival of less than 50%. Because most of these patients have no angina symptoms their management is controversial. We tried to find out whether coronary artery revascularisation in such patients might(More)
PURPOSE To assess gender differences in the quality of care for cardiovascular disease and diabetes for enrollees in managed care plans. METHODS We obtained data from 10 commercial and 9 Medicare plans and calculated performance on 6 Health Employer Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of quality of care (beta-blocker use after myocardial infarction(More)
AIMS Sudden cardiac death (SCD) accounts for ∼ 25% of all deaths in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, strategies to identify HFpEF patients at a higher risk of SCD have not been developed. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 4128 patients with HFpEF enrolled in the Irbesartan in Patients with Heart Failure and Preserved Ejection(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) demonstrate variable responses to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). The factors contributing to this variability are not well understood. Data from patients with asthma have suggested that low 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels contribute to a lack of ICS response in asthma. The objective(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES To determine, in a national cohort of incident hemodialysis patients, whether meeting a greater number of National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guideline goals at dialysis initiation was independently associated, in a graded manner, with lower first-year mortality rates. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can result in significant social and physical impairments. Despite the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) expansion of mental health services into primary care clinics to reach larger numbers of Veterans with PTSD, many do not receive sufficient treatment to clinically benefit. This study explored(More)
OBJECTIVE ANTHEM-HF evaluated a novel autonomic regulation therapy (ART) via either left or right vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty subjects (New York Heart Association [NYHA] functional class II-III, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40%, left(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Colon cancers that develop after a complete colonoscopy may be the result of "failure of colonoscopy" or rapid tumor growth. Tumors that develop via the mismatch repair gene pathway demonstrate rapid tumor growth. The aim of this study was to determine if interval colon cancers were more likely than noninterval cancers to result from the(More)
BACKGROUND A consensus conference was convened to define the current state and important gaps in knowledge and needed research on "Palliative and Supportive Care in Advanced Heart Failure." EVIDENCE Evidence was drawn from expert opinion and from extensive review of the medical literature, evidence-based guidelines, and reviews. CONCLUSIONS The(More)