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The effect of ammonium on the glycosylation pattern of the recombinant immunoadhesin tumor necrosis factor-IgG (TNFR-IgG) produced by Chinese hamster ovary cells is elucidated in this study. TNFR-IgG is a chimeric IgG fusion protein bearing one N-linked glycosylation site in the Fc region and three complex-type N-glycans in the TNF-receptor portion of each(More)
The intracellular pool of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine has been shown to act as a central target during the inhibitory action of ammonium ions in vitro cultivated mammalian cell cultures. This pool has been demonstrated to be elevated at the end of a batch cultivation and very quickly as a response to exogenously applied ammonium(More)
Temperature reduction in CHO cell batch culture may be beneficial in the production of recombinant protein and in maintenance of viability. The effects on cell cycle, apoptosis and nucleotide pools were studied in cultures initiated at 37°C and temperature shifted to 30 °C after 48 hours. In control cultures maintained at 37 °C, viable cells continued to(More)
A highly productive chemically defined fed-batch process was developed to maximize titer and volumetric productivity for Chinese hamster ovary cell-based recombinant protein manufacturing. Two cell lines producing a recombinant antibody (cell line A) and an Fc-fusion protein (cell line B) were used for development. Both processes achieved product titers of(More)
Mitigating risks to biotherapeutic protein production processes and products has driven the development of targeted process analytical technology (PAT); however implementing PAT during development without significantly increasing program timelines can be difficult. The development of a monoclonal antibody expressed in a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line(More)
Intracellular analysis has been shown to be useful as a tool for control production processes based on in vitro cultivated hybridoma and recombinant animal cells. Nucleotides were found to present the best target as they reflect the exact physiological state of a culture. Following the progress of batch, perfused, and chemostat cultures cell specific(More)
A recombinant monoclonal antibody produced by Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell fed-batch culture was found to have amino acid sequence misincorporation upon analysis by intact mass and peptide mapping mass spectrometry. A detailed analysis revealed multiple sites for asparagine were being randomly substituted by serine, pointing to mistranslation as the(More)
Molecular heterogeneity was detected in a recombinant monoclonal antibody (IgG1 mAb) due to the presence of a trisulfide linkage generated by the post-translational insertion of a sulfur atom into disulfide bonds at the heavy-heavy and heavy-light junctions. This molecular heterogeneity had no observable effect on antibody function. Nevertheless, to(More)
According to recent experimental studies on sparged bioreactors, significant cell damage may occur at the gas inlet region near the sparger. Although shear stress was proposed to be one of the potential causes for cell damage, detailed hydrodynamic studies at the gas inlet region of gas–liquid bioreactors have not been performed to date. In this work, a(More)
A perfusion-based high cell density (HD) cell banking process has been developed that offers substantial advantages in time savings and simplification of upstream unit operations. HD cell banking provides the means to reduce the time required for culture inoculum expansion and scale-up by eliminating the need for multiple small to intermediate scale shake(More)