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Previous work by Cellerino et al. has shown that chronic absence of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) resulted in hypomyelination of the optic nerve. Since myelination is influenced by neuronal activity, it is possible that a deficiency in BDNF during early development could alter the firing properties of retinal neurons. To test this hypothesis,(More)
A culture system of the postnatal rat retina was established to investigate Ca2+ currents and synaptic transmission in identified neurons. Methods are described that allowed us to select retinal ganglion neurons (RGNs) in short term cultures (up to 48 h in vitro) and in long-term cultures (3 to 21 days in vitro). The specific aim of the present study was to(More)
Three days after systemic administration of kainic acid (15 mg/kg, s.c.), selected cholinergic markers (choline acetyltransferase, acetylcholinesterase, muscarinic acetylcholine receptor, and high-affinity choline uptake) and GABAergic parameters [benzodiazepine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors] were studied in the frontal and piriform cortex,(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a severe genetically inherited neurodegenerative disorder. Patients present with three principal phenotypes of motor symptoms: choreatic, hypokinetic-rigid and mixed. The Q175 mouse model of disease offers an opportunity to investigate the cellular basis of the hypokinetic-rigid form of HD. At the age of 1 year homozygote Q175(More)
Using microdialysis from medial prefrontal cortex of gerbils during aversive auditory conditioning in the shuttle-box we have previously shown a transient increase of dopamine efflux correlated with the establishment of avoidance behavior. We hypothesized that the acquisition of a new behavioral strategy is generally accompanied by this extra prefrontal(More)
Serotonergic neurones are among the first to develop in the central nervous system. Their survival and maturation is promoted by a variety of factors, including serotonin itself, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and S100beta, an astrocyte-specific Ca(2+) binding protein. Here, we used BDNF-deficient mice and cell cultures of embryonic raphe neurones(More)
Mice of the inbred strains C57BL/6 and DBA/2 show strain-dependent behavioural differences which have been correlated with variations in brain cholinergic systems. In the present study, the density of muscarinic cholinergic receptors in both strains of mice was determined by autoradiographic methods using [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) and(More)
Peripheral nerve injury or amputation leads to extensive changes within the central representations of the mammalian body surface. The mechanisms responsible for post-traumatic reorganization of these maps in adults may also, at least partly, underlie a more general feature of the somatosensory system--the capacity for stimulus-dependent plasticity.(More)
The postnatal development of the binding of [3H]flunitrazepam to benzodiazepine receptors has been studied in the frontal cortex, cerebellum, striatum, hypothalamus and hippocampus of the rat after prenatal, perinatal and postnatal exposure to diazepam. The dams were injected subcutaneously with single daily doses of 1 mg/kg of diazepam from day 7-20 of(More)
The postnatal development of the binding of [3H]muscimol to both high-affinity and low-affinity GABA receptors and of the activity of glutamic acid decarboxylase has been studied in the frontal cortex, cerebellum, striatum and hypothalamus of the rat, after prenatal exposure to diazepam. The dams were injected subcutaneously with single daily doses of 1 mg(More)