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Cache-oblivious algorithms have been advanced as a way of circumventing some of the difficulties of optimizing applications to take advantage of the memory hierarchy of modern microprocessors. These algorithms are based on the divide-and-conquer paradigm -- each division step creates sub-problems of smaller size, and when the working set of a sub-problem(More)
As processor complexity increases compilers tend to deliver subopti-mal performance. Library generators such as ATLAS, FFTW and SPIRAL overcome this issue by empirically searching in the space of possible program versions for the one that performs the best. Empirical search can also be applied by programmers, but because they lack a tool to automate the(More)
Histamine (HA) is the photoreceptor neurotransmitter in arthropods, directly gating chloride channels on large monopolar cells (LMCs), postsynaptic to photoreceptors in the lamina. Two histamine-gated channel genes that could contribute to this channel in Drosophila are hclA (also known as ort) and hclB (also known as hisCl1), both encoding novel members of(More)
BACKGROUND Airway epithelial cells not only constitute a physical barrier, but also the first line of defence against airborne pathogens. At the same time, they are constantly exposed to reactive oxygen species. Therefore, airway epithelia cells have to possess a sophisticated innate immune system and a molecular armamentarium to detoxify reactive oxygen(More)
The phenolamines tyramine and octopamine are decarboxylation products of the amino acid tyrosine. Although tyramine is the biological precursor of octopamine, both compounds are independent neurotransmitters, acting through various G-protein coupled receptors. Especially, octopamine modulates a plethora of behaviors, peripheral and sense organs. Both(More)
Histamine, a major neurotransmitter both in vertebrates and invertebrates, transmits its actions through a set of well-known receptors. In vertebrates, these receptors belong to the family of G-protein-coupled receptors. In invertebrates, the few well-characterized actions of histamine are transmitted through ionotropic histamine receptors. To evaluate if(More)
Histamine-gated chloride channels, members of the ligand-gated ion channel superfamily, are thought to be peculiar for arthropods. Their cognate ligand, histamine, is the transmitter of all arthropod photoreceptors and of thoracic mechanoreceptors. To identify putative histamine-gated chloride channel subunits we scanned the Drosophila genome for putative(More)
By combining a Drosophila genome data base search and reverse transcriptase-PCR-based cDNA isolation, two G-protein-coupled receptors were cloned, which are the closest known invertebrate homologs of the mammalian opioid/somatostatin receptors. However, when functionally expressed in Xenopus oocytes by injection of Drosophila orphan receptor RNAs together(More)
  • Sebastian A. Schneider, Charlotte Schrader, Anika E. Wagner, Christine Boesch-Saadatmandi, Juergen Liebig, Gerald Rimbach +1 other
  • 2011
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms of variations in individual longevity are not well understood, even though longevity can be increased substantially by means of diverse experimental manipulations. One of the factors supposed to be involved in the increase of longevity is a higher stress resistance. To test this hypothesis in a natural system, eusocial(More)