Thomas Riegel

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OBJECTIVE Microsurgical resection or ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement was for a long time the only means of treatment for patients with colloid cysts. In the past few years, however, endoscopic procedures have gained increasing significance and have been used more widely. Long-term results are now available for the first time, which enabled us to(More)
With recent developments in computer technology and the improvement of neuroimaging, modern optical neuro-navigation systems are increasingly being used in neurosurgery. In this study, we present our experience with 51 operations using a frameless optical navigation system in a variety of single burr-hole procedures. The procedures include neuroendoscopic(More)
An automatic image fusion module (BrainLab, Munich, Germany) is used for the fusion of the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography (CT) data sets. The procedure of image fusion takes 5 minutes prior to surgery. The image fusion of CT and MR imaging data visualizes the skull base and tumor margins clearly. Color display of the different data(More)
OBJECT Frameless computerized neuronavigation has been increasingly used in intracranial endoscopic neurosurgery. However, clear indications for the application of neuronavigation in neuroendoscopy have not yet been defined. The purpose of this study was to determine in which intracranial neuroendoscopic procedures frameless neuronavigation is necessary and(More)
According to recent clinical data, motor cortex stimulation (MCS) is an alternative treatment for central pain syndromes. We present our minimal invasive technique of image guidance for the placement of motor cortex stimulating electrode and assess the clinical usefulness of both neuronavigation and vacuum headrest. Neuronavigation was used for(More)
Advances in computer technology have permitted virtual reality images of the ventricular system. To determine the relevance of these images we have compared virtual reality simulations of the ventricular system with endoscopic findings in three patients. The virtual fly-through can be simulated after definition of waypoints. Flight objects of interest can(More)
Secretory meningiomas constitute a relatively rare subtype of meningiomas, accounting for only 1.1% at our institution, with a 6:1 predominance of female patients. This study aimed to obtain more information about the immunohistochemical characteristics of this histological entity, and to analyse the effects of histological factors such as the presence of(More)
The effectiveness of intrathecal opioid therapy when applied to different pain mechanisms, in particular neuropathic and nociceptive pain conditions, was studied retrospectively in 43 patients suffering from cancer pain. On the basis of clinical and radiological data, the pain mechanisms were categorized as nociceptive (n = 23) and neuropathic (n = 20). The(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate factors for the prognosis of patients with metastatic spinal tumors. 139 patients with vertebral metastases were studied. The modified Tokuhashi Score (a preoperative score composed of six parameters) and single factors were analysed with statistical methods. The modified Tokuhashi Score showed a significant(More)