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Obesity is globally prevalent and highly heritable, but its underlying genetic factors remain largely elusive. To identify genetic loci for obesity susceptibility, we examined associations between body mass index and ∼ 2.8 million SNPs in up to 123,865 individuals with targeted follow up of 42 SNPs in up to 125,931 additional individuals. We confirmed 14(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence and socioeconomic burden of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and associated co-morbidities are rising worldwide. AIMS This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for preventing T2DM. METHODS A European multidisciplinary consortium systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of screening and interventions for T2DM(More)
Meta-analyses of population-based genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in adults have recently led to the detection of new genetic loci for obesity. Here we aimed to discover additional obesity loci in extremely obese children and adolescents. We also investigated if these results generalize by estimating the effects of these obesity loci in adults and in(More)
OBJECTIVE The study tested whether a combined environmental and educational intervention solely promoting water consumption was effective in preventing overweight among children in elementary school. METHODS The participants in this randomized, controlled cluster trial were second- and third-graders from 32 elementary schools in socially deprived areas of(More)
BACKGROUND The atherogenic risk factor profile in obese subjects is characterised by hypertension, reduced high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, increased low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglycerides, and insulin resistance. AIMS To examine the amount of weight reduction required to improve the atherogenic profile. METHODS Changes(More)
Short stature, with an incidence of 3 in 100, is a fairly frequent disorder in children. Idiopathic short stature refers to patients who are short due to various unknown reasons. Mutations of a human homeobox gene, SHOX (short stature homeobox), have recently been shown to be associated with the short stature phenotype in patients with Turner syndrome and(More)
CONTEXT The gut hormone peptide YY(3-36) (PYY) reduces food intake via hypothalamic Y2 receptors in the brain. There is not much known about PYY in obese children. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the role of PYY in the metabolic changes in obese children and its change during weight loss. SETTING The study was performed at a(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relationships between glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), weight status, insulin, and insulin resistance in the fasting state. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fasting GLP-1, glucose and insulin concentrations, insulin resistance index as homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), body mass index (BMI), and percentage body fat based on skinfold(More)
OBJECTIVE The human serum metabolite profile is reflective of metabolic processes, including pathophysiological changes characteristic of diseases. Therefore, investigation of serum metabolite concentrations in obese children might give new insights into biological mechanisms associated with childhood obesity. METHODS Serum samples of 80 obese and 40(More)
Adiponectin is decreased in obesity and seems to be involved in insulin resistance. The influences of age, gender, puberty, and weight loss on adiponectin have not been studied in obese children. We measured body fat mass based on skinfold thickness, age, pubertal stage, gender, adiponectin, and insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment) in 42 obese(More)