Thomas Reiberger

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BACKGROUND Hepatitis B coinfection is common in HIV-positive individuals and as antiretroviral therapy has made death due to AIDS less common, hepatitis has become increasingly important. Several drugs are available to treat hepatitis B. The most potent and the one with the lowest risk of resistance appears to be tenofovir (TDF). However there are several(More)
BACKGROUND Introduction of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved survival of HIV infected individuals, while the relative contribution of liver-related mortality increased. Especially in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension represent the main causes of liver-related morbidity and mortality. Circulating miRNA-122(More)
Fibrosis progression after acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with follow-up >9 months became similar to reported rates from studies in chronic HIV/HCV coinfection, as measured with transient elastometry. The duration of follow-up and serum alanine transaminase correlated with liver stiffness, and(More)
OBJECTIVES The rs12979860 variant, linked to IL28B gene, predicts sustained viral response (SVR) to pegylated-interferon/ribavirin (pegIFN/RBV) therapy in Hepatitis C Virus genotype 1 or 4 (HCV-1/4)-infected patients. Recently, a functional variant, ss469415590, in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with rs12979860, has been discovered. Our objective was to assess(More)
(See the Major Articles by Vanhommerig et al on pages 1678–85 and by Freiman et al on pages 1686–93.) Current guidelines recommend hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody (anti-HCV) testing in patients presenting with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and HCV RNA testing should be performed in those with a positive antibody response [1]. However,(More)
Pegylated-IFN and ribavirin remains the current treatment for chronic HCV infection in patients co-infected with HIV-1, but this regimen has low efficacy rates, particularly for HCV genotype 1/4 infection, has severe side effects and is extremely costly. Therefore, accurate prediction of treatment response is urgently required. We have recently shown that(More)
In this prospective study, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected subjects underwent QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) testing at baseline and after 24 months in a low tuberculosis incidence country. Concordant baseline and follow-up results were observed in 86% (n = 686 of 794) of subjects. IGRA conversions(More)
BACKGROUND Liver-related deaths represent the leading cause of mortality among patients with HIV/HCV-co-infection, and are mainly related to complications of fibrosis and portal hypertension. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the structural changes by the assessment of extracellular matrix (ECM) derived degradation fragments in peripheral blood as(More)
BACKGROUND The HIVCOBOC-RGT study (NCT01925183) was the first study to evaluate response-guided shortening of the duration of boceprevir (BOC)-based triple therapy in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus genotype 1-coinfected patients (HIV/HCV-GT1). METHODS After 4 weeks of pegylated interferon-α-2a/ribavirin (PEGIFN/RBV) lead-in, patients(More)
BACKGROUND Faster fibrosis progression and hepatic steatosis are hallmarks of HIV/HCV coinfection. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the PNPLA3-gene is associated with development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and a worse outcome in alcoholic liver disease. However, the role of PNPLA3 rs738409 SNP on liver fibrosis and steatosis, portal(More)