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Data for 26 patients with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, type I (MPGN I) and 22 with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, type III (MPGN III), as distinguished by glomerular ultrastructure, were analyzed to determine differences in presentation, complement perturbation, and glomerular morphology by light microscopy. MPGN III was detected(More)
Some children with Bartter syndrome have hypercalciuria. To determine the mechanism for this phenomenon, we studied tubular function and calcium metabolism in six such children. All patients had hypokalemic alkalosis, normotension, hyperreninemia, growth retardation, low fractional distal chloride reabsorption (4/5), and elevated urinary prostaglandin E2(More)
Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration is a form of renal replacement therapy whereby small molecular weight solutes and water are removed from the blood via convection, alleviating fluid overload and, to a degree, azotemia. It has been used in many adults and several children. However, in patients with multisystem organ dysfunction and acute renal(More)
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis is often associated with evidence of immune derangement, especially hypocomplementemia. We studied genetic markers for membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis within the major histocompatibility complex in 34 patients and their families and in 29 normal families. We examined the frequencies of extended haplotypes(More)
Metabolic investigations, including the use of stable isotopes of calcium, were used to study calcium kinetics in three children with the hyperprostaglandin E syndrome. The studies were performed both during indomethacin treatment and in the absence of therapy. Off therapy, each child had hypercalciuria (mean urinary calcium excretion 0.478 mM/kg/d),(More)
Some patients with hypercalciuria are thought to have enhanced enteric calcium absorption, with a major component of recent diet contributing to urinary calcium. This mechanism has been difficult to test with the usual calcium loading procedures. We employed dual stable calcium isotope tracers to quantitate the components of urinary calcium excretion in 38(More)
Ten patients with Henoch-Schöenlein purpura (HSP) were selected for study because their early renal biopsies showed focal and segmental hypercellularity, with IgA present only in deposits at the periphery of the lobules. Mesangial deposits of IgA were absent. All had laboratory evidence of nephrotic syndrome and/or renal compromise. The glomerular(More)
The third component of complement, the central protein of the complement cascade, occurs in two principal allotypes, C3S and C3F. An excess frequency of the F allotype has been implicated in a number of disease states, including some forms of glomerulonephritis. These associations have been explained by functional differences between C3S and C3F. We(More)
Complement activation is associated with a variety of immunologically-mediated renal diseases. Proximal tubular epithelial cells in situ constitutively express messenger RNA for C4 of the complement system. These same epithelial cells in culture have been reported to contain message for C3 and to secrete this protein when stimulated by IL-2. The present(More)
The relations among dietary and calcium kinetic factors and 24-h urinary mineral excretion were evaluated in a group of 89 healthy girls (51 white and 38 black) aged 4.9-16.7 years. Nutrient intakes were calculated for each participant using a weighed intake of all food and beverage on the day of the 24-h urine collection study and two subsequent 24-h food(More)