Thomas R. Schneider

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Iterative dual-space direct methods based on phase refinement in reciprocal space and peak picking in real space are able to locate relatively large numbers of anomalous scatterers efficiently from MAD or SAD data. Truncation of the data at a particular resolution, typically in the range 3.0-3.5 A, can be critical to success. The efficiency can be improved(More)
Aurora family serine/threonine kinases control mitotic progression, and their deregulation is implicated in tumorigenesis. Aurora A and Aurora B, the best-characterized members of mammalian Aurora kinases, are approximately 60% identical but bind to unrelated activating subunits. The structure of the complex of Aurora A with the TPX2 activator has been(More)
The activity of the c-Kit receptor protein-tyrosine kinase is tightly regulated in normal cells, whereas deregulated c-Kit kinase activity is implicated in the pathogenesis of human cancers. The c-Kit juxtamembrane region is known to have an autoinhibitory function; however the precise mechanism by which c-Kit is maintained in an autoinhibited state is not(More)
SNARE proteins are crucial for intracellular membrane fusion in all eukaryotes. These proteins assemble into tight complexes that connect membranes and may induce fusion. The crystal structure of the neuronal core complex is represented by an unusually long bundle of four alpha-helices connected by 16 layers of mostly hydrophobic amino acids. Here we report(More)
The interaction between ubiquitinated proteins and intracellular proteins harboring ubiquitin binding domains (UBDs) is critical to a multitude of cellular processes. Here, we report that Rabex-5, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rab5, binds to Ub through two independent UBDs. These UBDs determine a number of properties of Rabex-5, including its(More)
Rapid alignment of proteins in terms of domains (RAPIDO) is a web server for the 3D alignment of crystal structures of different protein molecules in the presence of conformational change. The structural alignment algorithm identifies groups of equivalent atoms whose interatomic distances are constant (within a defined tolerance) in the two structures being(More)
  • T R Schneider
  • Acta crystallographica. Section D, Biological…
  • 2000
Understanding of macromolecular function in many cases relies on the comparison of related structural models. Commonly used least-squares superposition methods suffer from bias introduced into the comparison process by the subjective choice of atoms employed for the superposition. Difference distance matrices are a more objective means of comparing(More)
The first subatomic resolution structure of a 36 kDa protein [aldose reductase (AR)] is presented. AR was cocrystallized at pH 5.0 with its cofactor NADP+ and inhibitor IDD 594, a therapeutic candidate for the treatment of diabetic complications. X-ray diffraction data were collected up to 0.62 A resolution and treated up to 0.66 A resolution. Anisotropic(More)
In order to study the effect of internal dynamics on the accuracy of NMR structures in detail, we generated NOE distance data from a long molecular dynamics trajectory of BPTI. Cross-relaxation rates were calculated from the trajectory by analysis of the appropriate proton-proton vector autocorrelation functions. A criterion for the convergence of(More)