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In a selected group of right-handed patients with single stroke lesions of either the right (n = 14) or left (n = 22) hemisphere and no predisposing factors for psychiatric disorder, we found that the severity of depression was significantly increased in patients with left anterior lesions as opposed to any other lesion location. In addition, the severity(More)
We are prospectively studying a group of 103 stroke patients over the first 2 years after infarction to determine the variables which are associated with the development of depression. At both 3 and 6 months post-stroke, patients with left hemisphere infarcts showed a strong relationship between severity of depression and distance of the lesion on CT scan(More)
OBJECTIVE Some investigators have suggested that major depression might be overdiagnosed in stroke patients because of changes in appetite, sleep, or sexual interest caused by their medical illness; others have suggested that depression may be underdiagnosed in stroke patients who deny symptoms of depression because of anosognosia, neglect, or aprosody. The(More)
To investigate a possible association of midline cerebral malformations with psychotic disorders, MRI and CT scans were blindly evaluated for 52 patients with schizophrenia, 9 with schizoaffective disease, and 79 consecutive nonpsychotic control subjects. Midline abnormalities were present in 10 of 61 patients (16.4%) versus 4 of 79 control subjects (5.1%;(More)
This study examined the inter-observer reliability and validity of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) as a measure of depressive symptomatology in stroke patients, and its utility as a screening tool for depression in this population. The CES-D Scale is a brief questionnaire originally designed for use in community surveys.(More)
In a prospective study of 1,805 hospitalized patients in the Stroke Data Bank of the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke, the 1,273 with infarction were classified into diagnostic subtypes. Diagnosis was based on the clinical history, examination, and laboratory tests including computed tomography, noninvasive vascular(More)
In a group of stroke patients with left-hemisphere lesions, those with major depression performed significantly below nondepressed patients on four of nine cognitive domains examined with a neuropsychological test battery. Among patients with right-hemisphere stroke, those with major depression did not perform below nondepressed patients on any of the nine(More)
We determined the prevalence of dementia in 927 patients with acute ischemic stroke aged greater than or equal to 60 years in the Stroke Data Bank cohort based on the examining neurologist's best judgment. Diagnostic agreement among examiners was 68% (kappa = 0.34). Of 726 testable patients, 116 (16%) were demented. Prevalence of dementia was related to age(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperacute cerebral infarction trials require early differentiation of infarction subtype. Our aim was to determine clinical factors predictive of infarction subtype from data collected in the early hours of admission. METHODS Using the 1,273 patients enrolled in the Stroke Data Bank, stroke risk factors and demographic, clinical,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIa (GpIIb-IIIa), a membrane receptor for fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes but has not been previously investigated in relation to stroke in young adults. METHODS We used a population-based case-control design to examine the(More)