Thomas R. Neu

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A field survey indicated that the Elbe and Saale Rivers were contaminated with both clofibric acid and ibuprofen. In Elbe River water we could detect the metabolite hydroxy-ibuprofen. Analyses of the city of Saskatoon sewage effluent discharged to the South Saskatchewan river detected clofibric acid but neither ibuprofen nor any metabolite. Laboratory(More)
Silicone voice prostheses used for rehabilitation of speech after total laryngectomy are inserted in an non-sterile habitat. Deposits on explanted Groningen Button voice prostheses revealed a biofilm, due to heavy colonization of the silicone surface by bacteria and yeasts. Furthermore, it was demonstrated by scanning electron microscopy on sectioned(More)
It is generally assumed that nucleic acids are localized inside of living cells and that their primary function is the storage of information. In contrast, extracellular DNA is mainly considered as a remnant of lysed cells. Here, we report the formation of extracellular bacterial DNA as a spatial structure. An aquatic bacterium, strain F8, was isolated,(More)
An assessment of lectin-binding analysis for the characterization of extracellular glycoconjugates as part of the extracellular polymeric substances in environmental microbial communities was performed using fully hydrated river biofilms. The applicability of the method was evaluated for single, dual and triple staining with a panel of fluor-conjugated(More)
Studies were carried out to assess the influence of nutrients, dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration, and nickel (Ni) on river biofilm development, structure, function, and community composition. Biofilms were cultivated in rotating annular reactors with river water at a DO concentration of 0.5 or 7.5 mg liter(-1), with or without a combination of carbon,(More)
The cohesive strength of microbial biofilms cultivated on a rotating disc has been measured using fluid dynamic gauging (FDG). The thickness of heterotrophic mixed culture biofilms was found to depend on substrate concentration and shear force at the biofilm surface during the cultivation. For high substrate concentrations and low shear forces the biofilm(More)
The partial dissipation of Gibbs energy as heat reflects the metabolic dynamic of biofilms in real time and may also allow quantitative conclusions about the chemical composition of the biofilm via Hess' law. Presently, the potential information content of heat is hardly exploited due to the low flexibility, the low throughput and the high price of(More)
A community of endolithic microorganisms dominated by phototrophs was found as a distinct band a few millimeters below the surface of bare exposed dolomite rocks in the Piora Valley in the Alps. Using in situ reflectance spectroscopy, we detected chlorophyll a (Chl a), phycobilins, carotenoids, and an unknown type of bacteriochlorophyll-like pigment(More)