Thomas R. Nelson

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The spatial pattern of expression for a maize gene encoding a hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein (HRGP) was determined by in situ hybridization. During normal development of roots and leaves, the expression of the gene was transient and particularly high in regions initiating vascular elements and associated sclerenchyma. Its expression was also associated(More)
Leaf development in C4 plants such as maize involves the differentiation of two photosynthetic cell types [bundle sheath (BS) and mesophyll (M)] to form Kranz-type leaf anatomy. This cellular dimorphism partitions photosynthetic activities so that each enzyme of the C4 pathway accumulates only in the appropriate cell type. We have exploited this property to(More)
The regulation of members of the knotted1-like homeobox (knox) gene family is required for the normal initiation and development of lateral organs. The maize rough sheath2 (rs2) gene, which encodes a Myb-domain protein, is expressed in lateral organ primordia and their initials. Mutations in the rs2 gene permit ectopic expression of knox genes in leaf and(More)
C4 plants such as maize partition photosynthetic activities in two morphologically distinct cell types, bundle sheath (BS) and mesophyll (M), which lie as concentric layers around veins. We show that both light and cell position relative to veins influence C4 photosynthetic gene expression. A pattern of gene expression characteristic of C3 plants [ribulose(More)
We have established schedules of expression during maize leaf development in light and darkness for the messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and polypeptides for ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (RuBPCase) subunits, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase), and the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (LHCP). Levels of mRNAs were measured by(More)
Chloroplast-localized NADP-dependent malic enzyme (EC 1.1.1.40) (NADP-ME) provides a key activity for the carbon 4 fixation pathway. In maize, nuclear encoded NADP-ME is synthesized in the cytoplasm as a precursor with a transit peptide that is removed upon transport into the chloroplast stroma. We present here the complete nucleotide sequence for a(More)
The maize leafbladeless1 (lbl1) mutant displays a variety of leaf and plant phenotypes. The most extreme manifestation in the leaf is the formation of radially symmetric, abaxialized leaves due to a complete loss of adaxial cell types. Less severe phenotypes, resulting from a partial loss of adaxial cell identity, include the formation of ectopic laminae at(More)
Photosynthesis in C4-type grasses such as maize involves the interaction of two cell types (bundle sheath (BS) and mesophyll (M)) which both contain cell-specific photosynthetic enzymes. Malate dehydrogenase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and pyruvate phosphate dikinase are located in the M cells and malic enzyme and ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase are(More)
The papers in this issue show that the feasibility of three-dimensional ultrasound methods in the clinical setting using commercially available equipment is nearby. Their results demonstrate some of the advantages compared to two-dimensional ultrasound and other diagnostic modalities, including reduced scanning times that will offer more cost-effective use(More)