Thomas R McCarty

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW To highlight the gastrointestinal helminths in the context of renewed global commitment to control or eliminate neglected tropical diseases in the coming decade. RECENT FINDINGS Two key documents, namely the 2012 London Declaration for Neglected Tropical Diseases and the 2013 World Health Assembly resolution, emphasize the importance of(More)
Diverticular hemorrhage is the most common reason for lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) with substantial cost of hospitalization and a median length of hospital stay of 3 days. Bleeding usually is self-limited in 70-80% of cases but early rebleeding is not an uncommon problem that can be reduced with proper endoscopic therapies. Colonoscopy is(More)
Letter to the Editor: We read with great interest the article by Leithead et al, which showed that nonselective beta-blocker (NSBB) therapy was found to be beneficial for patients with ascites, and associated with reduced waitlist deaths even in those with refractory ascites. The study by Sersté et al was the first to suggest that NSBB therapy is associated(More)
BACKGROUND The Orbera intragastric balloon (IGB) has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in patients with a body mass index (BMI) between 30 and 40 kg/m2 and is in wide use worldwide as a primary and bridge obesity management tool. The balloon filling volume (BFV) ranges between 400 and 700 mL of saline. Our objective was to(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To highlight new findings on the relevance of gastrointestinal protozoan infections to global public health in low-income and middle-income countries and suggest new large-scale interventions. RECENT FINDINGS New disease burden assessments and epidemiological studies highlight the role of the major intestinal protozoa as important(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Esophageal variceal bleeding is a severe complication of portal hypertension with significant morbidity and mortality. A substantial portion of cirrhotics fail to respond to conventional medical therapy and band ligation, necessitating alternative treatments including self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) placement for acute refractory(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Patients with HIV-hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection progress towards liver fibrosis and cirrhosis more rapidly compared with HCV mono-infected individuals. This necessitates an accurate assessment of liver stiffness with transient elastography to guide treatment. METHODS Searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane(More)
Gastroparesis has traditionally been a largely medically managed disease with refractory symptoms typically falling under the umbrella of the surgical domain. Surgical options include, but are not limited to, gastrostomy, jejunostomy, pyloromyotomy, or pyloroplasty, and the Food and Drug Administration approved gastric electrical stimulation implantation.(More)
BACKGROUND The accuracy of current endoscopic modalities for diagnosing cholangiocarcinoma in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is suboptimal. AIM To evaluate the comparative effectiveness of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-based modalities, independently or in combination, for the diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma in patients with(More)
INTRODUCTION Esophageal variceal bleeding is a severe complication of portal hypertension with significant morbidity and mortality. Although traditional screening and grading of esophageal varices has been performed by endogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), wireless video capsule endoscopy provides a minimally invasive alternative that may improve screening and(More)