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IL-21 costimulates B cell proliferation and cooperatively with IL-4 promotes T cell-dependent Ab responses. Somewhat paradoxically, IL-21 also induces apoptosis of B cells. The present study was undertaken to more precisely define the expression of the IL-21R, using a novel mAb, and the circumstances by which IL-21 promotes B cell growth vs death. The(More)
We have identified a single rat monoclonal antibody, G7, that is a potent inducer of interleukin (IL-2) production from all functioning T cell hybridomas as well as from normal T cells. G7 is also mitogenic for normal T cells and is a very effective inducer of IL-2 receptor expression. On fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis, G7 recognized a pan-T(More)
Although many aspects of CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory (T(reg)) cell development remain largely unknown, signaling through the IL-2R represents one feature for the production of T(reg) cells. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to further define early developmental steps in the production of T(reg) cells, including a more precise view on the role of(More)
The Ly-6 locus encodes a group of cell surface molecules found predominantly on lymphoid cells in the mouse. These proteins share several structural and functional characteristics with Thy-1, a molecule expressed in both lymphoid and neuronal tissue. Utilizing anti-Ly-6A/E monoclonal antibodies, the present results demonstrate in situ expression of these(More)
After Ag activation of naive T cells in vitro, extensive growth and differentiation into effector cells depend upon IL-2. DNA microarray analysis was used to identify IL-2-dependent molecules regulating this process. In this study, we show that the transcriptional repressor B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein 1 (Blimp-1) is expressed by a(More)
Recent studies have underscored the importance of memory T cells in mediating protective immunity against pathogens and cancer. Pharmacological inhibition of regulators that mediate T cell differentiation promotes the differentiation of activated CD8(+) T cells into memory cells. Nonetheless, pharmacological agents have broad targets and can induce(More)
The IL-2/IL-2R interaction is important for development and peripheral homeostasis of T regulatory (Treg) cells. IL-2- and IL-2R-deficient mice are not completely devoid of Foxp3+ cells, but rather lack population of mature CD4+CD25+Foxp3high Treg cells and contain few immature CD4+CD25-Foxp3low T cells. Interestingly, common gamma chain (gammac) knockout(More)
Thymic-derived natural T regulatory cells (Tregs) are characterized by functional and phenotypic heterogeneity. Recently, a small fraction of peripheral Tregs has been shown to express Klrg1, but it remains unclear as to what extent Klrg1 defines a unique Treg subset. In this study, we show that Klrg1(+) Tregs represent a terminally differentiated Treg(More)