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Much data support an essential role for interleukin (IL)-2 in immune tolerance. This idea is much different from the early paradigm in which IL-2 is central for protective immune responses. This change in thinking occurred when a T regulatory cell defect was shown to be responsible for the lethal autoimmunity associated with IL-2/IL-2R deficiency. This(More)
Mouse Ly-6 proteins are characterized by lineage-restricted patterns of expression on lymphoid cells. A mAb (1A8) was produced to Ly-6G, a newly described member of the Ly-6 locus. Based on selective reactivity to cloned Ly-6 gene products expressed in EL4J cells, 1A8 was determined to be specific for Ly-6G. Furthermore, mAb to other Ly-6 specificities did(More)
Lethal autoimmunity associated with IL-2Rbeta-deficient mice is prevented after thymic transgenic expression of wild-type IL-2Rbeta in IL-2Rbeta(-/-) mice (Tg -/- mice). Here, we show that CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells were not readily detected in IL-2Rbeta(-/-) mice, but the production of functional CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells was reconstituted in Tg -/-(More)
Genomic clones cross-hybridizing with Ly-6A.2 cDNA were isolated and characterized for functional Ly-6-related genes. Two new Ly-6 genes, designated Ly-6F.1 and Ly-6G.1, were found to have high nucleotide homology (> or = 70%) and the characteristic four exon gene organization of Ly-6A/E and Ly-6C. By a PCR-based assay, Ly-6G.1 mRNA was readily found in(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) was identified based on its potent T-cell growth-factor activity and is widely considered to be a key cytokine in T-cell-dependent immune responses. However, the main non-redundant activity of this cytokine centres on the regulation of T-cell tolerance, and recent studies indicate that a failure in the production of CD4(+)CD25(+)(More)
Based primarily on vitro studies, interleukin (IL)-2 has been considered a key growth and death factor for antigen-activated T lymphocytes. IL-2 is also essential to maintain self-tolerance, as IL-2- and IL-2 receptor-deficient mice exhibit lethal autoimmunity. The intrinsic death-sensitizing activity of IL-2 was thought to be a key mediator for apoptosis(More)
Interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) signaling regulates tolerance and immunity. Here, we review recent work concerning the structure, signaling, and function of the IL-2R, emphasizing the contribution of IL-2 for T cell-dependent activity in vivo. IL-2R signaling influences two discrete aspects of immune responses by CD8(+) T cells, terminal differentiation of(More)
Xenogeneic monoclonal antibodies were prepared to the murine interleukin 2 (IL-2)-dependent HT2 cell line. One rat IgM monoclonal antibody (7D4) was identified that inhibited proliferation of the HT2 cells and of IL-2-dependent CTLL cells in the presence of crude rat IL-2 as well as of purified human IL-2. The level of inhibition was dependent on both(More)
Interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) signaling is essential for T regulatory (Treg) cell development and homeostasis. Here, we show that expression of IL-2Rbeta chains that lack tyrosine residues important for the association of the adaptor Shc and the transcription factor STAT5 in IL-2Rbeta-deficient mice resulted in production of a normal proportion of natural(More)
INTRODUCTION Interleukin 2 (IL-2) induces an essential signal for T regulatory (Treg) cells. Without a functional IL-2R, only immature CD4(+) Foxp3(low) CD25(neg) T cells develop, and these cells fail to suppress autoreactive T cells in the periphery. DISCUSSION IL-2 functions during Treg cell development by upregulating Foxp3 and CD25 and by increasing(More)