Thomas R. Kosten

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OBJECTIVE Alcohol use disorders and other substance use disorders are extremely common among patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article reviews studies pertaining to the epidemiology, clinical phenomenology, and pathophysiology of comorbid PTSD and substance use disorders. METHOD Studies were identified by means of computerized and(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenic patients have high rates of cigarette smoking. The authors compared the outcomes of two group psychotherapy programs for smoking cessation in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who were also treated with the nicotine transdermal patch and with either atypical or typical antipsychotic medications. METHOD(More)
Epidemiological and clinical data indicate high comorbidity between depression and drug dependence that may reflect an attempt to self-medicate with drugs of abuse. The present review examines whether these two psychiatric disorders are related by attempting to identify similarities in the neurobiology of depression and drug dependence. Emphasis is put on(More)
This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine the association between brain activation during exposure to cocaine-related cues and relapse to drug use in cocaine-dependent (CD) patients. We imaged 17 CD subjects during a 2-week in-patient stay. The subjects then entered a 10-week outpatient placebo-controlled, double-blind(More)
We conducted a double-blind, random assignment, six-week comparison of desipramine hydrochloride (n = 24), lithium carbonate (n = 24), and placebo (n = 24) treatments for cocaine dependence. Subjects were 72 outpatient cocaine abusers who met DSM-III-R dependence criteria for cocaine but not for other substance abuse. Subjects in each treatment group were(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence of a relationship between genotype and binding availability was assessed for the dopamine and serotonin transporter genes. METHOD The authors assessed dopamine transporter genotype at the SLC6A3 3' variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism and serotonin transporter genotype at the SLC6A4 promotor VNTR polymorphism in 30(More)
Schizophrenic patients have impairments in cognitive function, including deficits in visuospatial working memory (VSWM). VSWM is mediated, in part, by prefrontal cortical dopamine (DA) function, and dysregulation of prefrontal cortical DA systems may contribute to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Nicotine has complex effects on spatial working memory(More)