Thomas R. Jerrells

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We have created a number of recombinant Hep G2 cell lines, designated VA cells, that constitutively express alcohol dehydrogenase. Oxidation of ethanol by the VA cells results in the production and accumulation of acetaldehyde, and a dramatic increase in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, reduced (NADH)/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) ratio(More)
Chronic alcohol abuse, a major health problem, causes liver and pancreatic diseases and is known to impair hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). Hepatic ADH-catalyzed oxidation of ethanol is a major pathway for the ethanol disposition in the body. Hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP2E1), induced in chronic alcohol abuse, is also reported to oxidize(More)
Excessive consumption of alcohol is associated with an increase in the frequency and severity of infectious diseases. Ethanol adversely affects specific and nonspecific aspects of the immune response. We used a murine model to determine whether ethanol ingestion impairs host mechanisms of resistance to Listeria monocytogenes. Naive mice and mice immune to(More)
To investigate the intracellular pathways leading to ETOH-induced apoptosis, thymocytes and splenic T and B cells were cultured 16 h with or without ETOH and different stimuli, and apoptotic cell death was determined. At concentrations of 0.4%-2% in culture, ETOH induced apoptosis in all three types of cells, but it had a more profound effect on thymocytes(More)
Monocytes were separated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of normal human donors by adherence on plastic conditioned by cell lines (microexudate-coated plastic) and harvested by exposure to ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid. Cytolytic activity was tested by incubating effector cells for 48 h with the murine SV40-transformed TU5 kidney line or the(More)
Thymocyte apoptosis is one of the best characterized experimental models of apoptosis that can be induced by a variety of stimuli such as glucocorticoids, ionizing radiation, antibodies, and toxins. Recently, it has been suggested that oxidative stress is a common mediator of apoptosis. However, little is known about the production and possible function of(More)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of most normal adults and patients with breast or lung cancer were found to inhibit [3H] thymidine uptake by lymphoid cell lines in a growth inhibition assay. At effector:target cell ratios between 5:1 and 20:1, lung cancer patients and breast cancer patients, when compared to normal individuals, demonstrated significantly(More)
Consumption of ethanol (ETOH) by experimental animals and human beings is associated with elevated serum levels of corticosteroids. One of the most robust findings associated with ETOH consumption is a loss of lymphocytes from thymus and spleen, as well as from peripheral lymphoid organs to include mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches, which are(More)
Delayed-type hypersensitivity responses of inbred mice during the course of lethal and chronic infections with strains of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi were evaluated by using the influx of radiolabeled cells into antigen-injected ears. Congenic strains of C3H mice, which previously have been shown to be resistant (C3H/RV) or sensitive (C3H/HeDub) to lethal(More)
The alterations in lymphoid cell numbers and lymphocyte function due to administration of ethanol was found to be associated with high levels of circulating corticosteroids. The role of corticosteroids in the ethanol-induced alterations in the immune system was studied by administering ethanol to adrenalectomized rats. The results of these experiments(More)