Thomas R. Hamilton-Kemp

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The effect of atmospheric methyl jasmonate on the oxylipin pathway was investigated in leaves of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), cucumber (Cucumis sativa L.), and Arabidopsis thaliana (L.). Differential sensitivities of test plants to methyl jasmonate were observed. Thus, different concentrations of methyl jasmonate were required for induction of changes in(More)
A bioassay system was developed to test the effects of volatile compounds on the growth of hyphae from germinating fungal spores. Volatiles from crushed tomato leaves inhibited hyphal growth of two fungal pathogens,Alternaria alternata andBotrytis cinerea. Aldehydes, including C6 and C9 compounds formed by the lipoxygenase enzyme pathway upon wounding(More)
The Japanese beetle is a polyphagous insect that typically aggregates on preferred host plants in the field. We studied the response of Japanese beetles to artificial damage, fresh feeding damage, and overnight feeding damage to test the hypothesis that beetles are attracted to feeding-induced volatiles. Crabapple leaves that had been damaged overnight by(More)
Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 was studied on strawberry, a fruit that is not usually washed during production, harvest, or postharvest handling. Two strains of the bacteria were tested separately on the fruit surface or injected into the fruit. Both strains of E. coli O157:H7 survived externally and internally at 23 degrees C for 24 h and at 10, 5,(More)
The volatile compounds emitted by leaves of four crabapple cultivars susceptible to damage by Japanese beetles and four relatively resistant cultivars were examined. Twelve compounds, mostly terpene hydrocarbons, were identified from intact leaves. The terpenes (E)-β-ocimene, caryophylene, germacrene D and (E,E)-α-farnesene occurred in significantly higher(More)
Very large concentration increases in nitrite (34-fold), nitrosated pyridine alkaloids, and related 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) (14- to 33-fold) occurred in moist snuff during storage at 24 degrees C for 52 weeks, whereas, decreases in all parent and some acylated pyridine alkaloids were observed in the same material. Nitrite(More)
C6-aldehydes are synthesized via lipoxygenase/hydroperoxide lyase action on polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) substrates in plant leaves. The source pools and subcellular location of the processes are unknown. A close relationship is found between the composition of PUFA and the composition of C6-aldehydes. In the current study, this relationship was tested(More)
Wounded strawberry fruit produces a diverse group of volatile compounds including aldehydes, alcohols, and esters derived from the lipoxygenase (LOX) and hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) pathways. Because the wound volatiles may play an important role in plant-fungal interaction, the goal of this study was to develop a greater understanding about the biosynthesis(More)
Numerous reports have been published on the antimicrobial activity of synthetic volatile long chain alcohols, such as 1-decanol and 1-dodecanol, against bacteria and fungi. The objective of the present study was to survey microorganisms for emission patterns of naturally occurring long chain alcohols and other volatile components to determine if these(More)
Volatile compounds emitted by cultures of two strains of the pathogenic bacterium Escherichia coliO157:H7 and a nonpathogenic strain of E. coli were trapped on Super-Q porous polymer and identified by GC-MS. The predominant compound produced by all three strains was indole with lesser amounts of other components including methyl ketones, 2-heptanone,(More)