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Octopamine (OA) and tyramine (TA) are the invertebrate counterparts of the vertebrate adrenergic transmitters. They are decarboxylation products of the amino acid tyrosine, with TA as the biological precursor of OA. Nevertheless, both compounds are independent neurotransmitters that act through G protein-coupled receptors. OA modulates a plethora of(More)
Octopamine (OA), a biogenic monoamine structurally related to noradrenaline, acts as a neurohormone, a neuromodulator and a neurotransmitter in invertebrates. It is present in relatively high concentrations in neuronal as well as in non-neuronal tissues of most invertebrate species studied. It functions as a model for the study of modulation in general. OA(More)
The tetracyclic compound epinastine (3-amino-9, 13b-dihydro-1H-dibenz(c,f)imidazo(1,5a)azepine hydrochloride) that was recently introduced as a vertebrate histamine H1 receptor antagonist has also high affinity for insect neuronal octopamine receptors. This holds true for the neuronal octopamine receptor from the locust (Ki = 2 Nm) as well as from the honey(More)
Octopamine receptors in the nervous tissue of insects were investigated using a ligand-receptor assay with [3H]NC-5Z or [3H]octopamine as the radioligands. Both ligands recognized a homogenous class of binding sites with the properties of an octopamine receptor. This receptor has been characterized pharmacologically. Both high-affinity agonists (e.g. NC 7,(More)
We introduce here an alternative to conventional northern blotting that requires only minute amounts of RNA. This has been achieved by modification of methods currently used for the mapping of mRNA 5'-terminal ends. The terminal desoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated G-tailing, cap finder, ligation-anchored and RNA ligase-mediated approaches followed by(More)
By combining a Drosophila genome data base search and reverse transcriptase-PCR-based cDNA isolation, two G-protein-coupled receptors were cloned, which are the closest known invertebrate homologs of the mammalian opioid/somatostatin receptors. However, when functionally expressed in Xenopus oocytes by injection of Drosophila orphan receptor RNAs together(More)
  • T Roeder
  • 1990
The pharmacological antagonistic properties of the invertebrate specific octopamine receptor were investigated using a conventional radio-receptor assay with [3H]octopamine as the radioligand. Among the antagonists with highest affinity of the locust (Locusta migratoria L.) neuronal octopamine receptor were tetracyclic substances like mianserin (K1 = 1.2(More)
A family of antioxidant proteins, the peroxiredoxins, serve two purposes, detoxification of reactive oxygen species and cellular signaling. Among the three peroxiredoxins of Caenorhabditis elegans (CePrx1-3), CePrx2 was found to have a very unusual expression pattern, restricted to only two types of pharyngeal neurons; namely, the single pharyngeal(More)
The biogenic monoamine octopamine is essential for ovulation and fertilization in insects. Release of this hormone from neurons in the thoracoabdominal ganglion triggers ovulation and sperm release from the spermathecae. Here we show that the effects of octopamine on ovulation are mediated by at least two different octopamine receptors. In addition to the(More)
The phenolamines tyramine and octopamine are decarboxylation products of the amino acid tyrosine. Although tyramine is the biological precursor of octopamine, both compounds are independent neurotransmitters, acting through various G-protein coupled receptors. Especially, octopamine modulates a plethora of behaviors, peripheral and sense organs. Both(More)