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Octopamine (OA), a biogenic monoamine structurally related to noradrenaline, acts as a neurohormone, a neuromodulator and a neurotransmitter in invertebrates. It is present in relatively high concentrations in neuronal as well as in non-neuronal tissues of most invertebrate species studied. It functions as a model for the study of modulation in general. OA(More)
The tetracyclic compound epinastine (3-amino-9, 13b-dihydro-1H-dibenz(c,f)imidazo(1,5a)azepine hydrochloride) that was recently introduced as a vertebrate histamine H1 receptor antagonist has also high affinity for insect neuronal octopamine receptors. This holds true for the neuronal octopamine receptor from the locust (Ki = 2 Nm) as well as from the honey(More)
Octopamine receptors in the nervous tissue of insects were investigated using a ligand-receptor assay with [3H]NC-5Z or [3H]octopamine as the radioligands. Both ligands recognized a homogeneous class of binding sites with the properties of an octopamine receptor. This receptor has been characterized pharmacologically. Both high-affinity agonists (e.g. NC 7,(More)
The pharmacological antagonistic properties of the invertebrate specific octopamine receptor were investigated using a conventional radio-receptor assay with [3H]octopamine as the radioligand. Among the antagonists with highest affinity of the locust (Locusta migratoria L.) neuronal octopamine receptor were tetracyclic substances like mianserin (K1 = 1.2(More)
Honey bees are perhaps the most versatile models to study the cellular and pharmacological basis underlying behaviours ranging from learning and memory to sociobiology. For both aspects octopamine (OA) is known to play a vital role. The neuronal octopamine receptor of the honey bee shares pharmacological similarities with the neuronal octopamine receptor of(More)
Mathematical analysis and computer simulations are used to evaluate three modifications to Kauffman's NK model in an attempt to incorporate unexplored aspects of epistatic interaction between loci in genome evolution. Two modifications--one to the amount and the other to the distribution of epistatic interaction--further support Kauffman's conclusion that(More)
The monoamines octopamine and tyramine, which are the invertebrate counterparts of epinephrine and norepinephrine, transmit their action through sets of G protein-coupled receptors. Four different octopamine receptors (Oamb, Octß1R, Octß2R, Octß3R) and 3 different tyramine receptors (TyrR, TyrRII, TyrRIII) are present in the fruit fly Drosophila(More)
The insect neuronal 3H-octopamine binding site represents a new type of octopamine receptor. This receptor has pharmacological features that are characteristic for all known octopamine receptors, but it is possible to distinguish this receptor class from all others using either agonists or antagonists. The quantitative determination of the pharmacological(More)
BACKGROUND Airway epithelial cells not only constitute a physical barrier, but also the first line of defence against airborne pathogens. At the same time, they are constantly exposed to reactive oxygen species. Therefore, airway epithelia cells have to possess a sophisticated innate immune system and a molecular armamentarium to detoxify reactive oxygen(More)
Sir2 is the most intensively discussed longevity gene in current aging research. Although, the gene encoding a NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase initially was found to extend lifespan of various organisms ranging from yeast to mammals, serious doubts regarding its role in longevity have been expressed recently. In this study, we tested whether(More)