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All conventional methods to laser-cool atoms rely on repeated cycles of optical pumping and spontaneous emission of a photon by the atom. Spontaneous emission in a random direction provides the dissipative mechanism required to remove entropy from the atom. However, alternative cooling methods have been proposed for a single atom strongly coupled to a… (More)
Spectral methods are naturally suited for dynamic graph layout, because moderate changes of a graph yield moderate changes of the layout under weak assumptions. We discuss some general principles for dynamic graph layout and derive a dynamic spectral layout approach for the animation of small-world models.
We demonstrate feedback on the motion of a single neutral atom trapped in the light field of a high-finesse cavity. Information on the atomic motion is obtained from the transmittance of the cavity. This is used to implement a feedback loop in analog electronics that influences the atom's motion by controlling the optical dipole force exerted by the same… (More)
A single atom strongly coupled to a cavity mode is stored by three-dimensional confinement in blue-detuned cavity modes of different longitudinal and transverse order. The vanishing light intensity at the trap center reduces the light shift of all atomic energy levels. This is exploited to detect a single atom by means of a dispersive measurement with 95%… (More)
We demonstrate a completely fiber-coupled terahertz (THz) time-domain spectrometer (TDS) system based on electronically controlled optical sampling with two erbium-doped femtosecond fiber lasers at a central wavelength of 1560 nm. The system employs optimized InGaAs/InAlAs photoconductive antennas for THz generation and detection. With this system, we… (More)
Spectral methods are naturally suited for dynamic graph layout because , usually, moderate changes of a graph yield moderate changes of the layout. We discuss some general principles for dynamic graph layout and derive a dynamic spectral layout approach for the animation of small-world models.
The energy-level structure of a single atom strongly coupled to the mode of a high-finesse optical cavity is investigated. The atom is stored in an intracavity dipole trap and cavity cooling is used to compensate for inevitable heating. Two well-resolved normal modes are observed both in the cavity transmission and the trap lifetime. The experiment is in… (More)
A new method to track the motion of a single particle in the field of a high-finesse optical resonator is analyzed. It exploits sets of near-degenerate higher-order Gaussian cavity modes, whose symmetry is broken by the position dependent phase shifts induced by the particle. Observation of the spatial intensity distribution outside the cavity allows direct… (More)
We characterize an Er:fiber laser frequency comb that is passively carrier envelope phase-stabilized via difference frequency generation at a wavelength of 1550 nm. A generic method to measure the comb linewidth at different wavelengths is demonstrated. By transferring the properties of a comb line to a cw external cavity diode laser, the phase noise is… (More)
An atom placed in a small high-finesse optical cavity will dominantly emit into modes sustained by the cavity. If the cavity supports many frequency-degenerate modes, the radiation pattern depends strongly on the position of the atom. These patterns can be used to detect the position of the atom with high sensitivity.