Thomas Pomorski

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Plasma membranes in eukaryotic cells display asymmetric lipid distributions with aminophospholipids concentrated in the inner and sphingolipids in the outer leaflet. This asymmetry is maintained by ATP-driven lipid transporters whose identities are unknown. The yeast plasma membrane contains two P-type ATPases, Dnf1p and Dnf2p, with structural similarity to(More)
Eukaryotes are characterized by endomembranes that are connected by vesicular transport along secretory and endocytic pathways. The compositional differences between the various cellular membranes are maintained by sorting events, and it has long been believed that sorting is based solely on protein-protein interactions. However, the central sorting station(More)
Vesicle budding in eukaryotes depends on the activity of lipid translocases (P(4)-ATPases) that have been implicated in generating lipid asymmetry between the two leaflets of the membrane and in inducing membrane curvature. We show that Aminophospholipid ATPase3 (ALA3), a member of the P(4)-ATPase subfamily in Arabidopsis thaliana, localizes to the Golgi(More)
The various organellar membranes of eukaryotic cells display striking differences in the composition, leaflet distribution and transbilayer movement of their lipids. In membranes such as the endoplasmic reticulum, phospholipids can move readily across the bilayer, aided by membrane proteins that facilitate a passive equilibration of lipids between both(More)
We have investigated the transbilayer movement of phospholipids in the plasma membrane of ram sperm cells using spin- and fluorescence-labeled lipid analogues. After incorporation into the outer leaflet, phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingomyelin (SM) moved slowly to the inner cytoplasmic leaflet, whereas phosphatidylserine (PS) and phosphatidylethanolamine(More)
Eukaryotic plasma membranes generally display asymmetric lipid distributions with the aminophospholipids concentrated in the cytosolic leaflet. This arrangement is maintained by aminophospholipid translocases (APLTs) that use ATP hydrolysis to flip phosphatidylserine (PS) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) from the external to the cytosolic leaflet. The(More)
All phospholipids in the plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells are subject to a slow passive transbilayer movement. In addition, aminophospholipids are recognized by the so-called aminophospholipid translocase, and are rapidly moved from the exoplasmic to the cytoplasmic leaflet of the plasma membrane at the expense of ATP hydrolysis. Though these principal(More)
We have synthesized spin-labeled (SL) and fluorescently labeled diacyl, 1-alkyl-2-acyl-, and di-alkyl glycerophospholipids. The sn-2 chain was a short chain with either a nitroxide group or a 7-nitro-2, 1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl (NBD). After incorporation in the exoplasmic leaflet of human erythrocytes, we found that SL-phosphatidylcholine (PC) redistributed(More)
ABCA1 has been established to be required for the efflux of cholesterol and phospholipids to apolipoproteins such as apoA-I. At present, it is unclear whether ABCA1-mediated lipid exposure is specific with regard to lipid headgroups and whether it requires calcium activation and the presence of a lipid acceptor. In the present work, we found exofacial(More)
In eukaryotic cells the phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) is restricted to the inner plasma-membrane leaflet. This lipid asymmetry, which is maintained by the concerted action of phospholipid transport proteins, is mainly lost during apoptosis. Here, we demonstrate that primary human CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) expose PS on T-cell receptor(More)