Thomas Parzefall

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BACKGROUND Identification of genes responsible for medically important traits is a major challenge in human genetics. Due to the genetic heterogeneity of hearing loss, targeted DNA capture and massively parallel sequencing are ideal tools to address this challenge. Our subjects for genome analysis are Israeli Jewish and Palestinian Arab families with(More)
POU3F4 is a POU domain transcription factor that is required for hearing. In the ear, POU3F4 is essential for mesenchymal remodeling of the bony labyrinth and is the causative gene for DFNX2 human nonsyndromic deafness. Ear abnormalities underlie this form of deafness, characterized previously in multiple spontaneous, radiation-induced and transgenic mouse(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Analysis of association between genotype and phenotype. STUDY DESIGN Prospective genetic study in a family. METHODS Auditory investigations, computer tomography, and genetic sequencing of the fibroblast growth factor 3 (FGF3) gene were performed on a Somali family presenting with autosomal recessive, hearing impairment,(More)
HYPOTHESIS Additional genetic changes in the regulatory region of the human GJB2 gene encoding the gap junction protein (Connexin 26) may contribute to sensorineural hearing loss. BACKGROUND Mutations in GJB2 cause up to 50% of autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing impairment (NSHI). METHODS In the present study, we screened the putative 5' GJB2(More)
BACKGROUND Hearing loss is the most common sensory disorder in developed countries and leads to a severe reduction in quality of life. In this uncontrolled case series, we evaluated the auditory development in patients suffering from congenital nonsyndromic hearing impairment related to preterm birth. METHODS Six patients delivered preterm (25th-35th(More)
Norrie disease is a rare, X-linked genetic syndrome characterized by combined congenital blindness and progressive hearing impairment. Norrie disease is caused by alterations in the NDP gene encoding the growth factor norrin that plays a key role in vascular development and stabilization of the eye, inner ear and brain. We identified a family with 3(More)
BACKGROUND Heterozygous mutations in GJB2 (MIM: 121011) encoding the gap junction protein connexin 26 are overrepresented in patient groups suffering from nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing impairment (HI) implying the involvement of additional genetic factors. Mutations in SLC26A4 (MIM: 605646), encoding the protein pendrin can cause both Pendred syndrome(More)
CONCLUSION Alterations within a novel putative Exon 1a within the gap junction beta 2 (GJB2) gene may play a role in the development of genetic hearing impairment in Austria. OBJECTIVES Mutations in the GJB2 gene are the most common cause of hereditary sensorineural deafness. Genome-wide screening for alternative transcriptional start sites in the human(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the relevance of routine assessment of c.-259C>T in the Austrian newborn screening program. Homozygous and compound heterozygous mutations in the coding region of the human gene encoding gap junction protein GJB2 (Connexin 26) cause up to 50 % of neonatal autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing impairment(More)
BACKGROUND Primary total laryngopharyngectomy is the treatment of choice in many cases of locally advanced hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancer. Development of pharyngocutaneous fistulae is the most common postoperative complication. A recent Danish study showed significantly increased rates of anastomosal leakage after colorectal resection in patients(More)