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—This paper summarizes what is needed to achieve a real-time-157 dBm GPS C/A signal acquisition sensitivity in ASIC and software receiver implementations for a cold and a warm start. Two receivers (one ASIC receiver working in the time domain and one PC software receiver working in the frequency domain) are implemented in a highly efficient way. The(More)
This paper starts with a brief discussion of the Galileo project status and with a description of the present Galileo architecture (space segment, ground segment, user segment). It focuses on explaining special features compared to the American GPS system. The presentation of the user segment comprises a discussion of the actual Galileo signal structure.(More)
Since introduction of the first GPS receivers more than a quarter century ago, GNSS equipment has changed profoundly — from racks of computers and 25-pound " manpacks " into tiny integrated circuit chipsets suitable for inclusion in mobile phones and other portable devices. But the evolution of GNSS form factors is far from ended. Indeed, the appearance of(More)
This paper contains selected test results of an indoor positioning prototype system making use of GPS/Galileo signals on L1/E1 and L5/E5a in addition to WiFi data, ZigBee data and a MEMS-based dead reckoning algorithm called pedestrian navigation system (PNS). The system uses a partially coherent ultra-tightly coupled integration scheme. The GNSS signal(More)