Thomas P Zimmerman

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Loss of adipose tissue in cancer cachexia has been associated with tumour production of a lipid-mobilizing factor (LMF) which has been shown to be homologous with the plasma protein zinc-alpha(2)-glycoprotein (ZAG). The aim of this study was to compare the ability of human ZAG with LMF to stimulate lipolysis in vitro and induce loss of body fat in vivo, and(More)
The in vitro destruction of tumor cells by specifically sensitized mouse lymphocytes was inhibited by adenosine; this inhibition was markedly potentiated by the presence of an inhibitor of adenosine deaminase. The inhibition of cytolysis by adenosine was accompanied by a rapid elevation in lymphocytic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP)(More)
The transient increase in human neutrophil cAMP levels induced by the chemoattractant N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (FMLP) is shown to be caused by amplification of adenylate cyclase response to endogenously produced adenosine. The FMLP-stimulated increase in neutrophil cAMP was potentiated markedly by a nonmethylxanthine cAMP(More)
A novel "inhibitor-stop" method for the determination of initial rates of purine nucleobase transport in human erythrocytes has been developed, based on the addition of seven assay volumes of cold 19 mM papaverine to terminate influx. In view of our finding that the initial velocities of adenine, guanine, and hypoxanthine influx into human erythrocytes were(More)
The demonstrated in vitro and in vivo activity of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (N3dThd) against the infectivity and the cytopathic effect of human immunodeficiency virus has prompted an investigation of the mechanism by which this nucleoside analogue permeates the cell membrane. As with the transport of thymidine, the influx of N3dThd into human erythrocytes(More)
The direct fibrinolytic enzyme, plasmin, was compared with tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) in rabbit models of local thrombolysis and fibrinolytic hemorrhage. Plasmin was produced by solid-phase urokinase activation of plasminogen and purified on benzamidine Sepharose. Applied as an intra-arterial infusion into the thrombosed abdominal aorta under(More)
5-Ethynyluracil is a potent mechanism-based inactivator of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD, EC 1.3.1.2) in vitro (Porter et al., J Biol Chem 267: 5236-5242, 1992) and in vivo (Spector et al., Biochem Pharmacol, 46: 2243-2248, 1993. 5-Ethynyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinone was rapidly oxidized to 5-ethynyluracil by aldehyde oxidase. The substrate efficiency(More)
3-Deazaadenosine (c3Ado) has been reported to inhibit a number of cellular functions. These biological effects of c3Ado have generally been attributed to its ability to act as inhibitor and substrate of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase. In this report, it is revealed by fluorescence microscopy that c3Ado caused disorganization of the microfilament system of(More)
3-Deazaadenosine (c3Ado) inhibits the ability of specifically sensitized mouse lymphocytes to lyse tumor cells, and this effect of c3Ado on immune function is accompanied by a buildup of both S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) and S-3-deazaadenosylhomocysteine (c3AdoHcy) within the lymphocytes (Zimmerman, T. P., Wolberg, G., and Duncan, G. S. (1978) Proc.(More)