Thomas P. Kemmer

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Using the method of dehydration and rehydration, rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) vesicles, isolated by differential centrifugation, can be enlarged to giant liposomes with diameters ranging from 5 to 200 μm. Patch-clamp studies on these giant RER liposomes revealed the existence of a channel with a mean conductance of 260±7 pS (n=23; 140 mmol/liter KCl on(More)
Anion dependence of (Ca2+ + K+)-stimulated Mg2+-dependent transport ATPase and its phosphorylated intermediate have been characterized in both "intact" and "broken" vesicles from endoplasmic reticulum of rat pancreatic acinar cells using adenosine 5'-[gamma-32P] triphosphate ([gamma-32P]ATP). In intact vesicles (Ca2+ + K+)-Mg2+-ATPase activity was higher in(More)
In microsomal vesicles, as isolated from exocrine pancreas cells, MgATP-driven H+ transport was evaluated by measuring H+-dependent accumulation of acridine orange (AO). Active H+ uptake showed an absolute requirement for ATP with simple Michaelis-Menten kinetics (K m for ATP 0.43 mmol/liter) with a Hill coefficient of 0.99. H+ transport was maximal at an(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) induced Ca2+ release in digitonin permeabilized rat pancreatic acinar cells is specifically inhibited by decavanadate. The Ca2+ release induced with 0.18 microM IP3 is half maximally inhibited with approximately 5 microM decavanadate. Complete inhibition is achieved with around 20 microM decavanadate. Removal of(More)
We have measured Ca2+ uptake and Ca2+ release in isolated permeabilized pancreatic acinar cells and in isolated membrane vesicles of endoplasmic reticulum prepared from these cells. Ca2+ uptake into cells was monitored with a Ca2+ electrode, whereas Ca2+ uptake into membrane vesicles was measured with45Ca2+. Using inhibitors of known action, such as the H+(More)
The effects of Ca2+ and GTP on the release of Ca2+ from the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) sensitive Ca2+ compartment were investigated with digitonin permeabilized rat pancreatic acinar cells. The amount of Ca2+ released due to IP3 directly correlated with the amount of stored Ca2+ and was found to be inversely proportional to the medium free Ca2+(More)
The present study evaluated serum ribonuclease activity (SRA) in patients with inflammatory and neoplastic pancreatic diseases. RNase determination was carried out using t-RNA (T) from E. coli MRE 600 at pH 7.4 and polycytidylic acid (poly-C) (P) at pH 6.6 as RNA substrates with RNase A from bovine pancreas as reference enzyme. Healthy volunteers had a SRA(More)
Acute pancreatitis is characterized by clinical, morphological, and functional aspects. Severe abdominal pain with progression during the first hours after onset is the leading symptom. In the majority of patients acute pancreatitis had a "mild" clinical course, but 10 to 20% will develop severe local and systemic complications. Symptoms at the onset of(More)
The somatostatin analogue octreotide (SMS 201-995) is a potent inhibitor of human exocrine pancreatic secretion. In the present study we analyzed the effect of octreotide (3 x 100 micrograms, daily) given over a time period of 7 days on hormone-stimulated exocrine pancreatic secretion in 6 healthy volunteers using a secretin-ceruletide test. The(More)
The molecular requirements for amylase release and the intracellular effects of botulinum A toxin and tetanus toxin on amylase release were investigated using rat pancreatic acinar cells permeabilized with streptolysin O. Micromolar concentrations of free Ca2+ evoked amylase release from these cells. Maximal release was observed in the presence of 30 microM(More)