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The hippocampus is crucial for spatial memory formation, yet it does not store long-lasting memories. By combining functional brain imaging and region-specific neuronal inactivation in mice, we identified prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices as critical for storage and retrieval of remote spatial memories [correction]. Imaging of activity-dependent(More)
BALB/c mice were unilaterally implanted with a guide cannula, the tip of which was positioned 1.5 mm above the ventral tegmental area (VTA). On each day of the experimental period, a stainless steel injection cannula was inserted into the VTA in order to study the eventual self-administration of a low dose (1.5 ng/50 nl) of bicuculline, a GABAA-antagonist,(More)
An unequal decrease in cholinergic activity has been evidenced in discrete brain areas in the growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone and prolactin deficient Snell dwarf mouse. The effect of the mutation's pituitary deficit on central cholinergic mechanisms appears to be selective: Normally high cholinergic activity areas such as striatum, olfactory(More)
Behavioural studies in both humans and animals have shown that an acute rise in circulating glucose levels at or around the time of training enhances subsequent retention performance and can also afford protection from the amnesia produced by posttraining injections of scopolamine. In an attempt to directly investigate the neurochemical basis for these(More)
In order to study the functional role of the trans-synaptic neuronal interaction between glutamatergic afferents and mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons in internal reward processes, BALB/c male mice were unilaterally implanted with a guide-cannula, the tip of which was positioned 1.5 mm above the ventral tegmental area (VTA). On each day of the following(More)
Previous direct neurochemical studies of the temporal dynamics of cholinergic activation in the septohippocampal and nucleus basalis magnocellularis-cortical pathways at various stages during repeated testing of mice with selective spatial reference or working memory protocols [Durkin and Toumane (1992), Behav. Brain Res. 50, 43-52] showed that the(More)
A 5-arm maze was used to measure sustained visuo-spatial attention in C57Bl/6 mice and test the hypothesis of differential functional roles for central nicotinic and muscarinic receptors in mediating task performance. Mice were first trained to acquire the basic visual discrimination task in which, on each trial, one randomly chosen arm among the five open(More)
The hypothesis that the genetically determined behavioural differences which exist between the inbred mouse strains Balb/c, DBA/2 and C57Bl/6 may be related to differences in acetylcholine metabolism in certain regions of the brain has been tested. In vivo ACh turnover rates have been measured in three regions (hippocampus, caudate nucleus and(More)
The effect of a 3 g/kg glucose injection on the velocity of the sodium-dependent high-affinity choline uptake mechanism in the hippocampus was both measured in quiet control mice and in mice immediately after training in an operant bar pressing task. Glucose did not significantly change high-affinity choline uptake in resting animals. High-affinity choline(More)
A 5-arm maze has been developed to provide parallel tests of sustained visuo-spatial attention and spatial working memory in mice. C57Bl/6 mice were trained to select, either by immediate response (attention) or by delayed-matching response (working memory), one target arm among the five open arms. For attention testing, mice were first trained to acquire(More)