Thomas P. Dousa

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Transient fluxes of intracellular ionized calcium (Ca2+) from intracellular stores are integral components of regulatory signaling pathways operating in numerous biological regulations, including in early stages of egg fertilization. Therefore, we explored whether NADP, which is rapidly generated by phosphorylation of NAD upon fertilization may, directly or(More)
Investigations of recent years revealed that isozymes of cyclic-3', 5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) are a critically important component of the cyclic-3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway. The superfamily of cyclic-3', 5'-phosphodiesterase (PDE) isozymes consists of at least nine gene families (types): PDE1 to(More)
A polyuric syndrome with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a frequent consequence of prolonged administration of lithium (Li) salts. Studies in the past, mainly the acute and in vitro experiments, indicated that Li ions can inhibit hydroosmotic effect of [8-arginine]vasopressin (AVP) at the step of cAMP generation in vitro. However, the pathogenesis(More)
Release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores is a widespread mechanism in regulation of cell function. Two hitherto unknown adenine diphosphonucleotides were recently identified, which trigger Ca2+ release from intracellular stores via channels that are distinct from the well-known receptor/channel controlled by inositol 1,4,5,-trisphosphate (IP3): cyclic(More)
We examined the effect of phosphonoformic acid (PFA) and phosphonoacetic acid (PAA) upon Na+-Pi cotransport in brush-border membrane (BBM) from small gut of rat. Both PFA and PAA inhibited the Na+ gradient-dependent uptake of 32Pi by BBM vesicles (BBMV) prepared from intestinal mucosa but had no effect on Na+-dependent uptakes of D-[3H]glucose,(More)
We investigated the dependence of nicotinate-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP)-induced Ca2+ release from intracellular stores of sea urchin egg homogenates, upon extravesicular Ca2+. In contrast to the Ca2+ release induced inositol 1',4',5'-triphosphate (IP3) or cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), the Ca2+ release induced by NAADP was completely independent of(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a vasoactive peptide that was recently localized in renal glomeruli. In the present study we explored whether ADM stimulates cAMP system in glomerular mesangial cells (MC) and whether it can via "negative-crosstalk" inhibit the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and thus suppress proliferation of MC. We found that ADM elicited(More)
We investigated interactions of phosphonoformic acid (PFA), phosphonoacetic acid (PAA), and other phosphonyl derivatives with the Na+ gradient [Na+ extravesicular greater than Na+ intravesicular; Nao+ greater than Na+i]-dependent transport system for phosphate (Pi) in renal cortical brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV). PFA and PAA inhibited in a(More)
We explored the biochemical mechanism by which thyroid hormone (T3) and low-phosphate diet (LPD) cause an adaptive increase in Na+-Pi cotransport across renal brush-border membrane (BBM). The rate of Na+-Pi cotransport was determined by 32Pi uptake by BBM vesicles (BBMV), and the number of Na+-Pi symporters was assessed by binding of [14C]phosphonoformic(More)