Thomas O. Talbot

Learn More
Background: Public health applications using geographic information system (GIS) technology are steadily increasing. Many of these rely on the ability to locate where people live with respect to areas of exposure from environmental contaminants. Automated geocoding is a method used to assign geographic coordinates to an individual based on their street(More)
A case-control interview study was used to evaluate the relationship between breast cancer risk and residential proximity to industrial facilities and traffic for pre- and postmenopausal women in Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island, New York. A geographic information system was used to assign industry and traffic counts to 1-km2 grid cells (5-kM2(More)
Spatial filters have been used as an easy and intuitive way to create smoothed disease maps. Birth weight data from New York State for 1994 and 1995 are used to compare the traditional filter type of fixed geographical size with a filter size of constant or nearly constant population size. The latter are more appropriate for mapping disease in geographic(More)
In addition to human encephalitis and meningitis cases, the West Nile (WN) virus outbreak in the summer and fall of 1999 in New York State resulted in bird deaths in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. From August to December 1999, 295 dead birds were laboratory-confirmed with WN virus infection; 262 (89%) were American Crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos). The(More)
As part of an investigation of an encephalitis outbreak in New York City, we sampled 430 birds, representing 18 species in four orders, during September 13-23, 1999, in Queens and surrounding counties. Overall, 33% were positive for West Nile (WN) virus-neutralizing antibodies, and 0.5% were positive for St. Louis encephalitis virus-neutralizing antibodies.(More)
We examined the geographic distribution of the blood lead levels (BLLs) of 677,112 children born between 1994 and 1997 in New York State and screened before 2 years of age. Five percent of the children screened had BLLs higher than the current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention action level of 10 microg/dL. Rates were higher in upstate cities than(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental exposure to lead remains a significant health problem for children. The costs of lead exposure in children are estimated to be considerably more than other childhood diseases of environmental origin. While long-term trends in blood lead levels (BLLs) among children are declining, seasonal variation persists. Cross-sectional studies(More)
Spatial analyses of disease rates are increasing as the hardware and software used in disease surveillance and cluster investigations become more accessible and easier to use. The results of these analyses should be interpreted with caution since inconsistencies in health outcome reporting and population estimates may lead to erroneous conclusions. In this(More)
Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) staff at the state and national levels are developing nationally consistent data and methods to estimate the impact of ozone and fine particulate matter on hospitalizations for asthma and myocardial infarction. Pilot projects have demonstrated the feasibility of pooling state hospitalization data and linking these(More)
This study examines the geographic variation in the blood lead levels (BLLs) of New York State children using spatial filtering, contour mapping, and regression techniques. Data for 364,917 children tested for BLLs prior to age two were extracted from New York State’s electronic blood lead reporting system. Spatial filtering methods were used to determine(More)