Thomas Noack

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1. Single smooth muscle cells from the fundus region of the guinea-pig stomach, which showed contractile responses to acetylcholine (ACh) at concentrations greater than or equal to 10(-7) mol/l, were obtained by enzymatic digestion using highly purified collagenase and papain. They were studied by recording membrane currents under voltage clamp with the(More)
The hypothesis whether or not 4-AP can affect vascular smooth muscle BK(Ca) currents was tested using the patch-clamp technique, pH- and calcium-fluorimetry, and freshly isolated rat arterial smooth muscle cells. Application of 4-AP reversibly inhibited BK(Ca) currents at an intracellular calcium ([Ca](i)) of 250 nM with a half-block of 2. 5 mM at +50 mV.(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to further elucidate the regulation of cavernous smooth muscle tone and to characterize mechanisms of cavernous activation and relaxation. METHODS In isolated strips of rabbit corpus cavernosum, extracellular electrical and mechanical activity were recorded simultaneously before and after pharmacologic stimulation. RESULTS(More)
The hypothesis that protein kinase C (PKC) is able to regulate the whole cell Ca-activated K (KCa) current independently of PKC effects on local Ca release events was tested using the patch-clamp technique and freshly isolated rat tail artery smooth muscle cells dialyzed with a strongly buffered low-Ca solution. The active diacylglycerol analog(More)
1. The effects of NS 1619, the putative BKCa channel opener, were investigated on rat intact portal veins and on single smooth muscle cells enzymatically separated from the same tissue. 2. Under whole-cell patch clamp conditions with K-rich pipettes, exposure of single cells held at -10 mV to NS 1619 (10-33 microM) induced a noisy, outward current which(More)
1. Smooth muscle cells, enzymatically isolated from the antrum of the guinea-pig stomach, were voltage clamped at room temperature using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. In physiological salt solution (PSS), step depolarization from a holding potential of -90 mV elicited inward calcium current (ICa) followed and superimposed by outward potassium(More)
1. The effects of levcromakalim and of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) depletion on membrane potential and ionic currents were studied in freshly-dispersed smooth muscle cells of rat portal vein by use of combined voltage- and current-clamp techniques. 2. Levcromakalim (1 microM) induced a glibenclamide-sensitive, non-inactivating K-current (IKCO) and(More)
Fatigue is a frequent and restricting symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Starting from its pathogenetic mechanisms, the article develops an approach to the differential diagnosis of fatigue in MS patients. Over the past years, the use of functional imaging techniques has given important information on the mechanisms of this highly variable clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Phenytoin is widely used as a second-line treatment for status epilepticus. Besides its well-known cardiac pro-arrhythmogenicity, side effects on other organ systems have received less attention. METHODS This study investigates the effects of phenytoin on gastrointestinal tissue function using an in vitro model of smooth muscle preparations(More)