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A total of 1,151 endophytic fungal isolates representing 29 taxa were isolated from symptom-less, surface-sterilized segments of stem, leaf, petiole, and root of Tinospora cordifolia which had been collected at three locations differing in air pollution in India (Ramnagar, Banaras Hindu University, Maruadih) during three seasons (summer, monsoon, winter).(More)
UNLABELLED The ascomycete Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus (anamorph Chalara fraxinea) causes a lethal disease known as ash dieback on Fraxinus excelsior and Fraxinus angustifolia in Europe. The pathogen was probably introduced from East Asia and the disease emerged in Poland in the early 1990s; the subsequent epidemic is spreading to the entire native(More)
Relatively few ectomycorrhizal fungal species are known to form sclerotia. Usually, sclerotia are initiated at the extraradical mycelium. In this study, we present anatomical and ultrastructural evidence for the formation of sclerotia directly in the hyphal mantle of the mycorrhizal morphotype Pinirhiza sclerotia. A dark-pigmented fungal strain was isolated(More)
Phenotypic and genotypic variability of 18 endophytic Guignardia strains from different host plants (Anacardiaceae: Anacardium giganteum, Myracrodruon urundeuva, Spondias mombin; Apocynaceae: Aspidosperma polyneuron; Ericaceae: Rhododendron sp.; Fabaceae: Bowdichia nitida; Leguminosae: Cassia occidentalis; Rutaceae: Citrus aurantium) growing in different(More)
Sequence data of two coding and three non-coding loci were used to study the taxonomic identity within and relatedness among seven previously defined cryptic species (CSP) of Phialocephala fortinii and Acephala applanata using two approaches of species recognition. Identification of taxonomic groups corresponding to CSP was ambiguous in some cases when(More)
Skin is a target of allergic reactions to aromatic amine hair dye precursors, such as p-phenylenediamine (PPD). As conversion of PPD on or in the skin is expected to be required for the induction of allergic contact dermatitis, we analyzed the role of oxidation and N-acetylation as major transformation steps. PPD and its oxidative and N-acetylated(More)
Aim The biogeography of microbes is poorly understood and there is an open debate regarding if and how microbial biodiversity is structured. At the beginning of the 20th century, Baas Becking laid the foundations for the biogeography of microbes by stating that 'Everything is everywhere, but the environment selects' (the EisE hypothesis). This hypothesis(More)
Root endophytes are common and genetically highly diverse suggesting important ecological roles. Yet, relative to above-ground endophytes, little is known about them. Dark septate endophytic fungi of the Phialocephala fortinii s.l.-Acephala applanata species complex (PAC) are ubiquitous root colonizers of conifers and Ericaceae, but their ecological(More)
Dark septate endophytes of the Phialocephala fortinii s.l. – Acephala applanata species complex (PAC) are abundant root colonizers of woody plants in boreal and temperate forest ecosystems where they form complex communities. Community structure was spatially stable for 3 years in a previous experiment, suggesting PAC’s inability to disperse or mutual(More)
Endophytic fungi are a taxonomically and ecologically heterogenous group of organisms, mainly belonging to the Ascomycotina and Deuteromycotina. The isolation methods affect the species composition of the endophyte assemblage in a given host. The number of endophyte taxa isolated from a host species is usually large; however, only few, normally host(More)