Thomas N Wight

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Mature human aorta contains a 70-kDa versican fragment, which reacts with a neoepitope antiserum to the C-terminal peptide sequence DPEAAE. This protein therefore appears to represent the G1 domain of versican V1 (G1-DPEAAE(441)), which has been generated in vivo by proteolytic cleavage at the Glu(441)-Ala(442) bond, within the sequence(More)
Versican is a large extracellular matrix proteoglycan that is present in a variety of tissues. Successful cloning of the gene in man, mouse, cow and chicken has revealed the existence of at least four splice variants of versican, which differ in the size of the core protein and the number of glycosaminoglycan chains. The highly interactive nature of(More)
There is a crucial need for alternatives to native vein or artery for vascular surgery. The clinical efficacy of synthetic, allogeneic or xenogeneic vessels has been limited by thrombosis, rejection, chronic inflammation and poor mechanical properties. Using adult human fibroblasts extracted from skin biopsies harvested from individuals with advanced(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1), two growth-regulatory peptides with opposite effects on arterial smooth muscle cell (ASMC) proliferation, were examined for their influence on the synthesis of two small chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate proteoglycans (CS/DS PGs) called biglycan and decorin.(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was designed to clarify the morphological features of early human atherosclerosis and to determine whether specific extracellular matrix proteoglycans play a role in early atherogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS Step and serial sections were obtained from right coronary arteries with no or early atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis was(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) increase [35S]sulfate incorporation into proteoglycan (PG) by monkey arterial smooth muscle cells but have opposite effects on cell proliferation. The combination of these two growth regulatory peptides has an additive effect on PG synthesis but no effects on cell(More)
Children with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) suffer from dramatic acceleration of some symptoms associated with normal aging, most notably cardiovascular disease that eventually leads to death from myocardial infarction and/or stroke usually in their second decade of life. For the vast majority of cases, a de novo point mutation in the lamin A(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) consists of numerous macromolecules classified traditionally into collagens, elastin, and microfibrillar proteins, proteoglycans including hyaluronan, and noncollagenous glycoproteins. In addition to being necessary structural components, ECM molecules exhibit important functional roles in the control of key cellular events(More)
The accumulation of hyaluronan (HA) and the HA-binding proteoglycan versican around smooth muscle cells in lesions of atherosclerosis suggests that together these molecules play an important role in the events of atherogenesis. In this study we have examined the formation of HA- and versican-rich pericellular matrices by human aortic smooth muscle cells in(More)