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BACKGROUND The Proteus syndrome is characterized by the overgrowth of skin, connective tissue, brain, and other tissues. It has been hypothesized that the syndrome is caused by somatic mosaicism for a mutation that is lethal in the nonmosaic state. METHODS We performed exome sequencing of DNA from biopsy samples obtained from patients with the Proteus(More)
Leishmania braziliensis promastigotes incubated anaerobically produce D-lactate from glucose, ribose, and methylglyoxal, but not from glycerol, alanine, or pyruvate, suggesting the presence of glyoxalases I and II but the absence of D-lactate dehydrogenase. Further support for this is shown by: (1) conversion of methylglyoxal to D-lactate in sonicates of(More)
Generalized atrophic benign epidermolysis bullosa is an autosomal recessive subepidermal blistering disease typified by null mutations in COL17A1. In 1 large kindred, affected individuals were homozygous for a 2-bp deletion in COL17A1, 4003delTC, which resulted in a downstream premature termination codon, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay, and abrogation of type(More)
OBJECTIVE Because the ability of bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) to repopulate tissues and the possible mechanisms of repopulation remain controversial, we used two distinct murine models to determine whether BMDCs can repopulate epidermal keratinocytes during either steady-state homeostasis or after tissue injury. METHODS The accessibility of skin(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes. Previous studies have estimated the prevalence of TSC to be 1:8,000 to 1:30,000. The numbers of patients and the populations accessed in these studies are relatively small. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of(More)
Somatic mutations in the phosphatidylinositol/AKT/mTOR pathway cause segmental overgrowth disorders. Diagnostic descriptors associated with PIK3CA mutations include fibroadipose overgrowth (FAO), Hemihyperplasia multiple Lipomatosis (HHML), Congenital Lipomatous Overgrowth, Vascular malformations, Epidermal nevi, Scoliosis/skeletal and spinal (CLOVES)(More)
Patients with a recently identified subepithelial blistering disease have IgG anti-laminin 5 autoantibodies. To determine if such antibodies can be pathogenic in vivo, we developed and characterized rabbit anti-laminin 5 IgG, and passively transferred these antibodies to neonatal mice. Immune rabbit IgG specifically bound human and murine epidermal basement(More)
BACKGROUND Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is a dominantly inherited predisposition for development of fibrofolliculomas, trichodiscomas, and acrochordons. Concurrent internal tumors, such as colonic polyps and renal carcinoma, have been described in patients with BHD. OBJECTIVE To evaluate kindreds with familial renal tumors for cutaneous manifestations of(More)
Proteomics for clinical applications is presently in a state of transition. It has become clear that the classical approaches based on 2-DE and/or MS need to be complemented by different kinds of technologies. The well-known problems include sample complexity, sensitivity, quantitation, reproducibility, and analysis time. We suggest that the new(More)
It is not known whether patients with anti-epiligrin cicatricial pemphigoid (AECP) have an increased risk of malignancy. We calculated the expected numbers of cancers in a cohort of 35 such patients based on respective incidence rates for all cancers in the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (NCI SEER) Registry. Ten(More)