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Dorsal horn neurons in the spinal cord integrate and relay sensory information. Here, we show that the expression of the homeobox gene Lbx1 distinguishes two major neuronal classes generated in the dorsal spinal cord. The Lbx1(-) (class A) and Lbx1(+) (class B) neurons differ in their dependence on roof plate BMP signals for specification and settle in the(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome is characterized by damage to the lung caused by various insults, including ventilation itself, and tidal hyperinflation can lead to ventilator induced lung injury (VILI). We investigated the effects of a low tidal volume (V T) strategy (V T ≈ 3 ml/kg/predicted body weight [PBW]) using pumpless extracorporeal lung assist(More)
Enteric neurons and glia arise from the neural crest. The phenotype of crest-derived cells was examined as they differentiated into neurons or glia in the mouse small and large intestine. Previous studies have shown that undifferentiated enteric crest-derived cells are Phox2b(+)/Ret(+)/p75(+)/Sox10(+), and at embryonic day (E) 10.5, about 10-15% of the(More)
Current opinion holds that pigment cells, melanocytes, are derived from neural crest cells produced at the dorsal neural tube and that migrate under the epidermis to populate all parts of the skin. Here, we identify growing nerves projecting throughout the body as a stem/progenitor niche containing Schwann cell precursors (SCPs) from which large numbers of(More)
Understanding the control of myelin formation by oligodendrocytes is essential for treating demyelinating diseases. Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) type III, an EGF-like growth factor, is essential for myelination in the PNS. It is thus thought that NRG1/ErbB signaling also regulates CNS myelination, a view suggested by in vitro studies and the overexpression of(More)
During the past few years, our investigations of the forebrain in the zebrafish (a teleost fish) have shown that its molecular anatomy and expression patterns of genes involved in the regulation of neuronal transmitter phenotypes, such as gamma-aminobutyric acid- (GABA-)ergic neurons, are very similar to those seen in mammalian model organisms such as mouse(More)
The evolution of the epidemiology and mortality of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) remains unclear. The present study investigates the evolving epidemiology and mortality of various ECMO techniques in Germany over time, used for both severe respiratory and cardiac failure. Data on all patients receiving venovenous (vv-ECMO) and venoarterial(More)
The detailed architecture of postembryonic (i.e. secondary, as opposed to primary) neurogenesis in the zebrafish brain at 2 days postfertilization was investigated by studying expression domains of various proneural basic helix-loop-helix genes (i.e. neuroD=nrd, neurogenin1=ngn1, Zash-1b) and neurogenic genes (i.e. Notch-1a, deltaA) on the level of in(More)
Neurons of the dorsal horn integrate and relay sensory information and arise during development in the dorsal spinal cord, the alar plate. Class A and B neurons emerge in the dorsal and ventral alar plate, differ in their dependence on roof plate signals for specification, and settle in the deep and superficial dorsal horn, respectively. We show here that(More)