Thomas Miles Houslay

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The unique N-terminal regions of PDE4 cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases confer interaction with distinct signalling and scaffolding proteins. The PDE4A1 isoform is unique in being entirely membrane associated. Its N-terminal region is formed from two helices separated by a mobile hinge, where helix-2 contains a TAPAS1 domain that inserts into the lipid(More)
PDE4A11 is a novel cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase that is conserved in humans, mouse, rat, pig, and bat. Exon-1(4A11) encodes its unique, 81 amino acid N-terminal region. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction performed across the splice junction, plus identification of expressed sequence tags, identifies PDE4A11 as a long isoform possessing UCR1(More)
FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) and co-immunoprecipitation studies confirmed the capacity of beta-arrestin 2 to self-associate. Amino acids potentially involved in direct protein-protein interaction were identified via combinations of spot-immobilized peptide arrays and mapping of surface exposure. Among potential key amino acids, Lys(285),(More)
Beta2-ARs (beta2-adrenoceptors) become desensitized rapidly upon recruitment of cytosolic beta-arrestin. PDE4D5 (family 4 cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase, subfamily D, isoform 5) can be recruited in complex with beta-arrestin, whereupon it regulates PKA (cAMP-dependent protein kinase) phosphorylation of the beta2-AR. In the present study, we have used novel(More)
Phenotypic screening seeks to identify substances that modulate phenotypes in a desired manner with the aim of progressing first-in-class agents. Successful campaigns require physiological relevance, robust screening, and an ability to deconvolute perturbed pathways. High-content analysis (HCA) is increasingly used in cell biology and offers one approach to(More)
Specificity of cAMP signalling pathways has shown that the intracellular targeting of the individual components confers a three-dimensional context to the signalling paradigms in which they can exquisitely control the specificity of the outcome of the signal. Pivotal to this paradigm is degradation of cAMP by sequestered PDEs (phosphodiesterases). cAMP(More)
The unique 88 amino acid N-terminal region of cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase-4D5 (PDE4D5) contains overlapping binding sites conferring interaction with the signaling scaffold proteins, betaarrestin and RACK1. A 38-mer peptide, whose sequence reflected residues 12 through 49 of PDE4D5, encompasses the entire N-terminal RACK1 Interaction Domain (RAID1)(More)
Sexual selection should cause sex differences in patterns of resource allocation. When current and future reproductive effort trade off, variation in resource acquisition might further cause sex differences in age-dependent investment, or in sensitivity to changes in resource availability over time. However, the nature and prevalence of sex differences in(More)
A small number of free-living viruses have been found to be obligately vertically transmitted, but it remains uncertain how widespread vertically transmitted viruses are and how quickly they can spread through host populations. Recent metagenomic studies have found several insects to be infected with sigma viruses (Rhabdoviridae). Here, we report that sigma(More)
Classical models of evolution seldom predict the rate at which populations evolve in the wild. One explanation is that the social environment affects how traits change in response to natural selection. Here, we determine how social interactions between parents and offspring, and among larvae, influence the response to experimental selection on adult size.(More)