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CpG island methylation plays an important role in epigenetic gene control during mammalian development and is frequently altered in disease situations such as cancer. The majority of CpG islands is normally unmethylated, but a sizeable fraction is prone to become methylated in various cell types and pathological situations. The goal of this study is to show(More)
Resistance to chemotherapy is a major complication during treatment of cancer patients. Hypermethylation of the MGMT gene alters DNA repair and is associated with longer survival of glioblastoma patients treated with alkylating agents. Therefore, MGMT promoter methylation plays an important role as a predictive biomarker for chemotherapy resistance. To(More)
SUMMARY Manual processing of DNA methylation data from bisulfite sequencing is a tedious and error-prone task. Here we present an interactive software tool that provides start-to-end support for this process. In an easy-to-use manner, the tool helps the user to import the sequence files from the sequencer, to align them, to exclude or correct critical(More)
Causes underlying inter-individual variations in DNA methylation profiles among normal healthy populations are not thoroughly understood. To investigate the contribution of genetic variation in DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) genes to such epigenetic variation, we performed a systematic search for polymorphisms in all known human DNMT genes [DNMT1, DNMT3A,(More)
CBP/p300-interacting transactivator with ED-rich carboxy-terminal domain 4 (CITED4) inhibits HIF-1α transactivation by binding to CBP/p300. We hypothesised that either somatic mutation or hypermethylation of the CITED4 gene underlies CITED4 down-regulation and thus enhanced HIF-1α expression in some breast tumours. DNA sequencing was used to screen for(More)
Bisulphite pyrosequencing is a quantitative methodology for the investigation of DNA methylation of sequences up to 100-bp in length. Biotin-labelled, single-stranded PCR products generated from bisulphite-treated DNA are used as a template with an internal primer to perform the pyrosequencing reaction. Nucleotides are added in a predetermined order in each(More)
Medulloblastomas (MBs) represent the most common malignant brain tumors in children. Most MBs develop sporadically in the cerebellum, but their incidence is highly elevated in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis coli. These patients carry germline mutations in the APC tumor suppressor gene. APC is part of a multiprotein complex involved in the Wnt(More)
Critical tumor suppression pathways in brain tumors have yet to be fully defined. Along with mutational analyses, genome-wide epigenetic investigations may reveal novel suppressor elements. Using differential methylation hybridization, we identified a CpG-rich region of the promoter of the dual-specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-2 gene(More)
Altered DNA methylation is ubiquitous in human cancers and specific methylation changes are often correlated with clinical features. DNA methylation biomarkers, which use those specific methylation changes, provide a range of opportunities for early detection, diagnosis, prognosis, therapeutic stratification and post-therapeutic monitoring. Here we review(More)
DNA methylation changes that are recurrent in cancer have generated great interest as potential biomarkers for the early detection and monitoring of cancer. In such situations, essential information is missed if the methylation detection is purely qualitative. We describe a new probe-free quantitative methylation-specific PCR (MSP) assay that incorporates(More)