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Endoscopic biliary drainage is the mainstay of palliative treatment in patients with unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction. While self-expandable metal stents have shown significant advantages in distal tumors, bilateral hilar stenting is technically demanding. Moreover, ingrowth is a significant problem in uncovered stents. We evaluated the(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to assess the additional value of SPECT/CT of the trunk used in conjunction with conventional nuclear imaging and its effects on patient management in a large patient series. METHODS In 353 patients, whole-body scintigraphy (WBS), SPECT, and SPECT/CT were prospectively performed for staging and restaging. SPECT/CT of the(More)
UNLABELLED Detection of cholangiocarcinoma in extrahepatic bile duct strictures is a continuing challenge in clinical practice because brush cytology taken at endoscopic retrograde cholangiography has an average sensitivity of 50%. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of dual-modality PET/CT using (18)F-FDG for noninvasive differentiation(More)
After renal transplantation monitoring and detection of slight-to-moderate changes in GFR is a prerequisite for an optimal patient management. Recently, several equations to estimate GFR were developed and verified in the MDRD study cohort. However, little is known about the application of the MDRD formulas in the setting of renal transplantation. We(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma creatinine and creatinine clearance are of limited value for the estimation of renal function in cirrhotics. In these patients, cystatin C (Cys C) has been proposed as an alternative marker of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and Cys C-based equations for calculation of GFR have been developed in non-cirrhotic patient cohorts. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is crucial in the management of patients after kidney transplantation (KTx). Recently, the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula was introduced to estimate GFR in chronic kidney disease patients. However, to date the diagnostic value of this equation remains to(More)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease and is an independent predictor of mortality. However, specific hemodynamics of the pulmonary circulation, changes induced by hemodialysis and characterization into pre- or postcapillary PH have not been evaluated in patients with chronic kidney disease. We(More)
Cystatin C (Cys C) has been shown to be an alternative marker of renal function. However, estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based on Cys C has received little attention. Recently, several Cys C-based equations were developed in different patient cohorts. To date, the benefit of a Cys C-based GFR calculation in patients after renal(More)
AIM To evaluate prognostic indicators for the outcome of patients with perihilar extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in an unselected cohort. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 98 patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. Twenty-three patients (23.5%) underwent tumor resection. Patients with non-resectable tumors underwent either transpapillary or(More)
Recently, we showed that serum beta-trace protein (BTP) is an alternative marker of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in renal transplant recipients (RTR). We have now developed three BTP-based GFR formulae derived by multiple regression analyses from the patients who had participated in that study. Currently, we validated the diagnostic performance of these(More)