Thomas M. Wilkie

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GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) regulate heterotrimeric G proteins by increasing the rates at which their subunits hydrolyze bound GTP and thus return to the inactive state. G protein GAPs act allosterically on G subunits, in contrast to GAPs for the Ras-like monomeric GTP-binding proteins. Although they do not contribute directly to the chemistry of GTP(More)
terized G protein GAP is phospholipase C-b, which is Summary both a GAP for Gqa and the effector that is activated by that G protein (Berstein et al., 1992; Biddlecome et al., A novel class of regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) 1996). The GTPase activity of the a subunit of transducin proteins has been identified recently. Genetic eviis also stimulated(More)
Murine G alpha 14 and G alpha 15 cDNAs encode distinct alpha subunits of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins). These alpha subunits are related to members of the Gq class and share certain sequence characteristics with G alpha q, G alpha 11, and G alpha 16, such as the absence of a pertussis toxin ADP-ribosylation site. G alpha 11(More)
Agonist-evoked [Ca2+]i oscillations have been considered a biophysical phenomenon reflecting the regulation of the IP3 receptor by [Ca2+]i. Here we show that [Ca2+]i oscillations are a biochemical phenomenon emanating from regulation of Ca2+ signaling by the regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins. [Ca2+]i oscillations evoked by G protein-coupled(More)
The ubiquitously expressed heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins) G12 and G13 have been shown to activate the small GTPase Rho. Rho stimulation leads to a rapid remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton and subsequent stress fiber formation. We investigated the involvement of G12 or G13 in stress fiber formation induced through a variety(More)
Large G protein alpha subunits and their attendant regulators of G-protein signaling (RGS) proteins control both intercellular signaling and asymmetric cell divisions by distinct pathways. The classical pathway, found throughout higher eukaryotic organisms, mediates intercellular communication via hormone binding to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs).(More)
Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) transduce extracellular signals received by transmembrane receptors to effector proteins. The multigene family of G protein alpha subunits, which interact with receptors and effectors, exhibit a high level of sequence diversity. In mammals, 15 G alpha subunit genes can be grouped by sequence(More)
Regulators of heterotrimeric G protein signaling (RGS) proteins are GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) that accelerate GTP hydrolysis by Gq and Gi alpha subunits, thus attenuating signaling. Mechanisms that provide more precise regulatory specificity have been elusive. We report here that an N-terminal domain of RGS4 discriminated among receptor signaling(More)
Stimulation of the T lymphocyte antigen receptor-CD3 complex (TCR-CD3) causes T cell activation by a process associated with increased phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) activity. Evidence exists suggesting that GTP-binding (G) proteins, particularly the pertussis toxin (PT)-sensitive Gi proteins, participate in this signal transduction(More)
Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins accelerate GTP hydrolysis by Gi but not by Gs class alpha-subunits. All RGS proteins share a conserved 120-amino acid sequence termed the RGS domain. We have demonstrated that the RGS domains of RGS4, RGS10, and GAIP retain GTPase accelerating activity with the Gi class substrates Gialpha1, Goalpha, and(More)