Thomas M Tagliente

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PURPOSE Decreased cardiac chronotropic response in elderly patients along with concomitant ss-blockade may suppress the autonomic responsiveness to surgical stimulation and subsequently obscure episodes of "light anesthesia". METHODS We analyzed post hoc computerized data from our previous study evaluating the effects of perioperative atenolol(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine whether proinflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines, as measured in blood specimens, would correlate with improved SF-36 physical composite scores observed in elderly surgical patients who were administered perioperative atenolol. DESIGN Post hoc analysis of data from a randomized clinical study. SETTING Department of(More)
Pharmacoeconomic data on the use of propofol in anesthesia are reviewed, with consideration of clinical characteristics that affect overall costs. Propofol is more expensive than many other anesthetics but its use can affect the costs of perioperative care as well as costs not directly related to the health care system, such as those associated with time(More)
The isoform(s) of adenylyl cyclase (AC) present in human platelets has not been identified, and evidence supporting a role for AC in platelet aggregation is equivocal. We recently characterized deaggregation as an active component of the platelet aggregation response that may be an important determinant of the extent and duration of aggregation.(More)
Platelet aggregation requires the concomitant activation of at least one G(i)- and one G(q)-coupled receptor. Epinephrine (EPI) amplifies the response elicited by a number of agonists for platelet aggregation. This study tested the hypothesis that platelet alpha(2A)-adrenoceptor activation causes deceleration of the deaggregation component of the platelet(More)
Platelet shape change (SC), aggregation and deaggregation responses are integral components of hemostasis that are elicited and modulated in vivo by the simultaneous activation of several membrane receptors. Selective activation of the purinergic P2Y1 receptor in vivo elicits a sustained SC and a small, transient aggregation response that is reversed(More)
Selective activation of the platelet TXA2 receptor is sufficient to mediate concurrent aggregation, deaggregation and shape change (SC) responses without activation of known Gi-coupled receptors (Platelets 2003; 14: 89). However, Gi-coupled receptor activation strongly influences the hemostasis response in vivo. This study investigated the modulatory(More)
An improved citrulline radioassay of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity was developed to study the direct effects of the volatile anesthetic (VA) halothane on the enzyme kinetics of neuronal NOS derived from different regions of the rat central nervous system (CNS). The Vmax of NOS in both soluble cytosolic and membrane bound particulate fractions varied(More)
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is recognized as an important mediator of platelet aggregation. Transient aggregation at low (< or =1 microM), and sustained aggregation at higher ADP concentrations are consistently observed. Dissociation of platelet aggregates has been described and may explain the reversible component of the aggregation response. We(More)
Deaggregation, the partial reversal of the initial aggregation of platelets is observed following low, but not higher, micromolar ADP concentrations. This study tested the hypothesis that deaggregation results from a balance between concurrent, opposing, aggregation and deaggregation processes which are ADP (adenosine 5'-diphosphate) receptor(More)