Thomas M. Steiner

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Microbial transcription modulator NusG interacts with RNA polymerase and termination factor rho, displaying striking functional homology to eukaryotic Spt5. The protein is also a translational regulator. We have determined crystal structures of Aquifex aeolicus NusG showing a modular design: an N-terminal RNP-like domain, a C-terminal element with a KOW(More)
BACKGROUND BK virus nephropathy has an increasing role in renal transplant dysfunction, since new, highly potent immunosuppressive drugs have been introduced into therapy following renal transplantation. Diagnosis of acute impairment of renal transplant function is complicated by difficulty in differentiating BK virus nephropathy from acute rejection. (More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role as regulators of gene expression in tumourigenesis by controlling many biological processes in growth, development, differentiation and apoptosis. Previous studies have shown an altered expression of specific miRNAs in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). But the function in cancerogenesis and metastasis in this(More)
In end-stage renal disease patients anemia is known to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death. In a monocenter retrospective analysis, we investigated 207 stable patients (68 women/139 men) who underwent a first renal transplantation. Immunosuppressive therapy was performed with either cyclosporine plus mycophenolate mofetil,(More)
We previously reported elevated levels of TGF-beta1 in patients with renal carcinoma. Certain aspects led us to ask whether they might be caused by chronic damage to the kidney(s). Here we report on an extended set of patients with various renal diseases, lung cancer, humoral immunodeficiency and controls. For latent TGF-beta1 in plasma, we find that the(More)
Intravesical immunotherapy with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin has been established as the most effective adjuvant treatment for high risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). We investigated the differences between the S4-Jena BCG strain and commercially available BCG strains. We tested the genotypic varieties between S4-Jena and other(More)
A comprehensive structural analysis of X--H...pi hydrogen bonding in proteins is performed based on 592 published high-resolution crystal structures (< or = 1.6 A). All potential donors and acceptors are considered, including acidic C--H groups. The sample contains 1311 putative X--H...pi hydrogen bonds with N--H, O--H or S--H donors, that is about one per(More)
Buried water molecules and the water molecules in the active-site gorge are analyzed for five crystal structures of acetylcholinesterase from Torpedo californica in the resolution range 2.2-2.5 A (native enzyme, and four inhibitor complexes). A total of 45 buried hydration sites are identified, which are populated with between 36 and 41 water molecules.(More)
BACKGROUND Proline residues affect protein folding and stability via cis/trans isomerization of peptide bonds and by the C(gamma)-exo or -endo puckering of their pyrrolidine rings. Peptide bond conformation as well as puckering propensity can be manipulated by proper choice of ring substituents, e.g. C(gamma)-fluorination. Synthetic chemistry has routinely(More)
PURPOSE A major problem of renal cell carcinoma is the prediction of metastases via tumor prognostic markers. Therefore, much effort has been committed to the development of new prognostic markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS The level of transforming growth factor-beta1 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in serum samples collected from patients(More)