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Despite recent advances in delineating the mechanisms involved in cardiogenesis, cellular lineage specification remains incompletely understood. To explore the relationship between developmental fate and potential, we isolated a cardiac-specific Nkx2.5(+) cell population from the developing mouse embryo. The majority of these cells differentiated into(More)
Heterozygous mutations of the cardiac transcription factor Nkx2-5 cause atrioventricular conduction defects in humans by unknown mechanisms. We show in KO mice that the number of cells in the cardiac conduction system is directly related to Nkx2-5 gene dosage. Null mutant embryos appear to lack the primordium of the atrioventricular node. In Nkx2-5(More)
The avian heart develops from paired primordia located in the anterior lateral mesoderm of the early embryo. Previous studies have found that the endoderm adjacent to the cardiac primordia plays an important role in heart specification. The current study provides evidence that fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) signaling contributes to the heart-inducing(More)
Formation of kidney tissue requires the generation of kidney precursor cells and their subsequent differentiation into nephrons, the functional filtration unit of the kidney. Here we report that the gene odd-skipped related 1 (Odd1) plays an important role in both these processes. Odd1 is the earliest known marker of the intermediate mesoderm, the precursor(More)
A novel gene, Xin, from chick (cXin) and mouse (mXin) embryonic hearts, may be required for cardiac morphogenesis and looping. Both cloned cDNAs have a single open reading frame, encoding proteins with 2,562 and 1,677 amino acids for cXin and mXin, respectively. The derived amino acid sequences share 46% similarity. The overall domain structures of the(More)
The vertebrate intermediate mesoderm (IM) is highly patterned along the anterior-posterior (A-P) axis. In the chick embryo, the kidney tissue, which is a derivative of the IM, is generated only from IM located posterior to the sixth somite axial level, which also marks the border between cranial and trunk segments. The cellular and molecular mechanisms that(More)
The intermediate mesoderm lies between the somites and the lateral plate and is the source of all kidney tissue in the developing vertebrate embryo. While bone morphogenetic protein (Bmp) signaling is known to regulate mesodermal cell type determination along the medio-lateral axis, its role in intermediate mesoderm formation has not been well(More)
Amniote kidney tissue is derived from the intermediate mesoderm (IM), a strip of mesoderm that lies between the somites and the lateral plate. While much has been learned concerning the later events which regulate the differentiation of IM into tubules and other types of kidney tissue, much less is known concerning the earlier events which regulate(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS) has been shown to be involved in left-right asymmetry formation, including the process of dextral heart looping during embryonic development. The structural features of HS required in this process, however, have not been explored. In this study, we examined the structure of HS from the heart-forming regions (or heart fields) of(More)
Here we show the temporal-spatial orchestration of early heart morphogenesis at cellular level resolution, in vivo, and reconcile conflicting positional fate mapping data regarding the primary heart-forming field(s). We determined the positional fates of precardiac cells using a precision electroporation approach in combination with wide-field time-lapse(More)