Thomas M. Schultheiss

Learn More
Despite recent advances in delineating the mechanisms involved in cardiogenesis, cellular lineage specification remains incompletely understood. To explore the relationship between developmental fate and potential, we isolated a cardiac-specific Nkx2.5(+) cell population from the developing mouse embryo. The majority of these cells differentiated into(More)
An expression vector was prepared containing a cDNA coding for a truncated version of the intermediate filament (IF) protein desmin. The encoded truncated desmin protein lacks a portion of the highly conserved alpha-helical rod region as well as the entire nonhelical carboxy-terminal domain. When transiently expressed in primary fibroblasts, or in(More)
Cannabinoids exert complex effects on blood pressure related to their interference with cardiovascular centres in the central nervous system and to their direct influence on vascular muscle, vascular endothelium and heart. In view of the relative lack of information on the occurrence of CB1 receptors on the vascular postganglionic sympathetic nerve fibres,(More)
OBJECTIVE There is evidence for the existence of a hyperactive hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and its potential role in disease progression in multiple sclerosis (MS). Depressive symptoms are also common in MS. At the same time, depressive symptoms are often associated with an elevated circadian cortisol secretion. So far, little is known about(More)
Cultured cardiac myocytes were stained with antibodies to sarcomeric alpha-actinin, troponin-I, alpha-actin, myosin heavy chain (MHC), titin, myomesin, C-protein, and vinculin. Attention was focused on the distribution of these proteins with respect to nonstriated myofibrils (NSMFs) and striated myofibrils (SMFs). In NSMFs, alpha-actinin is found as(More)
Successive stages in the disassembly of myofibrils and the subsequent assembly of new myofibrils have been studied in cultures of dissociated chick cardiac myocytes. The myofibrils in trypsinized and dispersed myocytes are sequentially disassembled during the first 3 d of culture. They split longitudinally and then assemble into transitory polygons.(More)
The vertebrate intermediate mesoderm (IM) is highly patterned along the anterior-posterior (A-P) axis. In the chick embryo, the kidney tissue, which is a derivative of the IM, is generated only from IM located posterior to the sixth somite axial level, which also marks the border between cranial and trunk segments. The cellular and molecular mechanisms that(More)
The novel Superconducting Photocathode Electron Gun being developed by Advanced Energy Systems and Brookhaven National Laboratory was analyzed to determine surface temperature and stress levels from RF and laser heat loads while being cooled in a helium bath. Optimization of geometry with respect to thermal loads was required when looking at 4.2K vs. 1.8K(More)
The vertebrate body plan contains both dorsal and ventral midline structures. While dorsal midline structures have been extensively studied, formation of ventral midline structures, and how they become aligned with the dorsal midline, is a fundamental aspect of vertebrate development that is poorly understood. This study uses the chick dorsal mesentery (DM)(More)
The adrenal cortex is a critical steroidogenic endocrine tissue, generated at least in part from intermediate mesoderm of the anterior urogenital ridge. Previous work has pinpointed a minor role of the FGFR2IIIb isoform in expansion and differentiation of the fetal adrenal cortex in mice but did not address the complete role of FGFR2 and FGFR1 signaling in(More)