Thomas M. Ricart

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Rats that exhibit a behaviorally inhibited temperament acquire active-avoidance behaviors quicker, and extinguish them slower, than normal outbred rats. Here we explored the contribution of stimuli that signal periods of non-threat (i.e. safety signals) in the process of acquiring active-avoidance behavior. Utilizing a discrete lever-press escape-avoidance(More)
Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats exhibit behavioral inhibition and model anxiety vulnerability. Although WKY rats exhibit faster active avoidance acquisition, simple associative learning or the influence of proactive interference (PI) has not been adequately assessed in this strain. Therefore, we assessed eyeblink conditioning and PI in WKY and outbred(More)
Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, an animal model of anxiety vulnerability, acquire lever-press avoidance faster than outbred Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Faster avoidance acquisition may reflect an inherent ability to acquire cue-outcome associations, response-outcome associations or both. To evaluate cue-outcome learning, acquisition of classically conditioned(More)
Green crabs, Carcinus maenas, exposed to dilute seawater (e.g., 5 ppt salinity, approximately 150 mOsm/kg) have hemolymph levels of methyl farnesoate (MF) that are up to 10-fold higher than animals in isosmotic seawater (27 ppt, approximately 800 mOsm/kg). In this paper, we examine aspects of osmotic and ionic stress to identify factors involved in(More)
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