Thomas M. Nicotera

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BACKGROUND Increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation may contribute to vascular complications in diabetes. to test whether DNA is also oxidatively damaged in diabetes, we measured 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), an indicator of oxidative damage of DNA, in mononuclear cells. METHODS For this laboratory-based study, 12(More)
It has been known for some time that noise-induced outer hair cell (OHC) death in the cochlea continues well after the termination of a noise exposure. However, the underlying mechanisms leading to the expansion of a cochlear lesion are not fully understood. Here we report involvement of the apoptotic pathway in the progression of OHC death in the(More)
Bloom's syndrome (BS) is an autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by a high incidence of cancer at a young age. Cytogenetically, BS cells exhibit a high frequency of chromosomal damage and sister chromatid exchanges. Thus, BS provides one of the best correlations of a human genetic disorder exhibiting both chromosomal instability and a high incidence(More)
The protective effects of glutathione monoethylester (GEE) and GEE in combination with R-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA) were evaluated in the chinchilla when exposed to impulse (145 dB pSPL) or continuous (105 dB SPL, 4 kHz OB) noise. Six groups of 10 chinchillas were used as subjects. Before exposure to noise, the subjects were anesthetized, a 30(More)
We previously reported that intense noise exposure causes outer hair cell (OHC) death primarily through apoptosis. Here we investigated the intracellular signal pathways associated with apoptotic OHC death. Chinchillas were exposed to a 4 kHz narrowband noise at 110 dB SPL for 1 h. After the noise exposure, the cochleas were examined for the activity of(More)
We have recently shown that Bloom syndrome fibroblasts have elevated levels of superoxide dismutase activity compared to those of normal fibroblasts. Based on this observation we decided to test whether an increased rate of superoxide radical production could be responsible for the induction of superoxide dismutase and of chromosomal aberrations and(More)
Exposure to high-level noise leads to oxidative stress and triggers apoptosis of the hair cells. This study examined whether p53, a tumor suppressor protein, is activated in the cochlea following impulse noise exposure. Inhibition of p53 with pifithrin alpha, a specific p53 inhibitor, or KX1-004, a Src-protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was tested to(More)
Colostrinin (CLN), a mixture of proline-rich polypeptides, has shown a stabilizing effect on cognitive function in Alzheimer's patients measured by the Alzheimer's disease Assessment Scale-cognitive (ADAS-cog) and in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ILDL) in recently conducted clinical trials. The aim of this study was to elucidate a possible mode(More)
Thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence is a commonly used method to monitor Abeta protein fibril formation. This method is particularly attractive since ThT fluoresces only when bound to fibrils, the reaction is completed within 1min and ThT does not interfere with aggregation of Abeta fibrils. One of the drawbacks of this method is the lack of a strict(More)
Apoptosis is an active cell death pathway involved in a variety of pathological conditions, including noise-induced outer hair cell (OHC) death. During this process, the cytoskeletal proteins have been found to be either damaged and/or enzymatically disassembled in several cell types, leading to formation of apoptotic manifestations. This study was designed(More)