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It has been known for some time that noise-induced outer hair cell (OHC) death in the cochlea continues well after the termination of a noise exposure. However, the underlying mechanisms leading to the expansion of a cochlear lesion are not fully understood. Here we report involvement of the apoptotic pathway in the progression of OHC death in the(More)
Colostrinin (CLN), a mixture of proline-rich polypeptides, has shown a stabilizing effect on cognitive function in Alzheimer's patients measured by the Alzheimer's disease Assessment Scale-cognitive (ADAS-cog) and in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ILDL) in recently conducted clinical trials. The aim of this study was to elucidate a possible mode(More)
Thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence is a commonly used method to monitor Abeta protein fibril formation. This method is particularly attractive since ThT fluoresces only when bound to fibrils, the reaction is completed within 1min and ThT does not interfere with aggregation of Abeta fibrils. One of the drawbacks of this method is the lack of a strict(More)
Apoptosis is an active cell death pathway involved in a variety of pathological conditions, including noise-induced outer hair cell (OHC) death. During this process, the cytoskeletal proteins have been found to be either damaged and/or enzymatically disassembled in several cell types, leading to formation of apoptotic manifestations. This study was designed(More)
BACKGROUND Increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation may contribute to vascular complications in diabetes. to test whether DNA is also oxidatively damaged in diabetes, we measured 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), an indicator of oxidative damage of DNA, in mononuclear cells. METHODS For this laboratory-based study, 12(More)
We have reported that by 2 days after noise exposure the size of cochlear lesion was expanding by outer hair cells (OHCs) dying either by apoptosis or necrosis. The current study was designed to compare the prevalence of the two cell death pathways as a function of time after exposure to noises of different levels. Chinchillas were exposed to a narrow band(More)
Some forms of ototoxicity appear to be mediated primarily by the superoxide radical; however, the exact role the superoxide radical plays in cochlear damage is not well understood because most ototoxic drugs produce multiple reactive oxygen species. To characterize the role of the superoxide radical in cochlear damage and the protective effect of compounds(More)
We have reported the presence of OHC apoptosis and necrosis in the organ of Corti following exposure to intense noise. The current study was designed to investigate the rapidity and the initial pattern of outer hair cell (OHC) death induced by exposure to impulse noise. Chinchillas were exposed to 75 pairs of impulse noise at 155 dB peak sound pressure(More)
Exposure to high-level noise leads to oxidative stress and triggers apoptosis of the hair cells. This study examined whether p53, a tumor suppressor protein, is activated in the cochlea following impulse noise exposure. Inhibition of p53 with pifithrin alpha, a specific p53 inhibitor, or KX1-004, a Src-protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was tested to(More)
The protective effects of glutathione monoethylester (GEE) and GEE in combination with R-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA) were evaluated in the chinchilla when exposed to impulse (145 dB pSPL) or continuous (105 dB SPL, 4 kHz OB) noise. Six groups of 10 chinchillas were used as subjects. Before exposure to noise, the subjects were anesthetized, a 30(More)