Thomas M. McCalla

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Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the effects of crop residues, without and withPenicillium urticae Bainer inoculation, on growth of wheat seedlings in soil. Fifty grams of Sharpsburg silty clay loam soil, containing 1% by weight of incorporated alfalfa, sorghum and corn stover residue, were placed in petri dishes, autoclaved, wetted to 40%(More)
When a single, 100-mug/ml application of patulin, produced by Penicillium urticae Bainier, was applied to growth stages 7, 9, 10, and 10.1 (Feekes scale) of Lee spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), decreases in internodal elongation, floret number, seed weight, and seed number were observed. Yields were reduced according to the proximity of application(More)
Penicillium urticae Bainier synthesized patulin in potato-dextrose medium at temperatures ranging from 5 to 30°C. Maximum patulin yield was 2700 µg/ml of culture fluid in 14 days at 25°C. Two distinctive intervals affected patulin formation: 15 to 20°C and 30 to 35°C, the former favorable and the latter detrimental. An incubation period of 11 to 14 days(More)
Fall field patulin applications (500 µg/g of soil) to Cheyenne winter wheat seedlings at growth stages 0, 1, and 2, decreased germination, plant growth, winter survival, and tillering. Decreased tillering decreased the number of heads and grain yield. Spring patulin application of 250 and 500 µg/g of soil to wheat at growth stages 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10(More)